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References

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    Pickett, B.W., Voss, J.L. and Jones, R.L. (1999) Control of bacteria in stallions and their semen. J. Equine Vet. Sci. 19, 424-469.
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    Aurich, C. and Spergser, J. (2007) Influence of bacteria and gentamicin on cooled-stored stallion spermatozoa. Theriogenol. 67, 912-918.
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    Brinsko, S.P. (2011) Semen extenders for cooled semen (North America). In: Equine Reproduction, 2nd edn., Eds: A.O. McKinnon, E.L. Squires, W.E. Vaala and D.D. Varner, Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester, UK. pp 1341-1343.
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    Aurich, C. (2011) Semen extenders for cooled semen (Europe). In: Equine Reproduction, 2nd edn., Eds: A.O. McKinnon, E.L. Squires, W.E. Vaala and D.D. Varner, Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester, UK. pp 1336-1340.
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    Batellier, R., Duchamp, G., Vidament, M., Arnaud, G., Palmer, E. and Magistrini, M. (1998) Delayed insemination is successful with a new extender for storing fresh equine semen at 15oC under aerobic conditions. Theriogenol. 50, 229-236.
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    Price, S., Aurich, J., Davies-Morel, M. and Aurich, C. (2008) Effects of oxygen exposure and gentamicin on stallion semen stored at 5 and 15°C. Reprod. Domest. Anim. 43, 261-266.
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    Olivieri, B.T., Love, B.C., Rezabek, G.B., Lamm, C.G., Varner, D.D., Payton, M.E. and Holyoak, G.R. (2011) Effects of antibiotic-containing extenders on Taylorella equigenitalis contaminated semen. J. Equine Vet. Sci. 31, 655-660.
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    Comerford, K.L., Love, C.C., Brinsko, S.P., Edmond, A.J., Waite, J.A., Teague, S.R. and Varner, D.D. (2008) Validation of a commercially available fluorescence-based instrument to evaluate stallion spermatozoal concentration. Proc. Am. Ass. Equine Practnrs. 54, 367-368.
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    Waite, J.A., Love, C.C., Brinsko, S.P., Teague, S.R., Salazar Jr, J.L., Mancill, S.S. and Varner, D.D. (2008) Factors impacting equine sperm recovery rate and quality following cushioned centrifugation. Theriogenol. 70, 704-714.
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    Foster, M.L., Love, C.C., Varner, D.D., Brinsko, S.P., Hinrichs, K., Teague, S., LaCaze, K. and Blanchard, T. (2011) Comparison of methods for assessing integrity of equine sperm membranes. Theriogenol. 76, 334-341.
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    Carter, G.R. (1990) Isolation and identification of bacteria from clinical specimens. In: Diagnostic Procedures in Veterinary Bacteriology and Mycology, 5th edn., Eds: G.R. Carter and J.R. Cole, Jr., Academic Press Inc., San Diego, California. pp 19-40.
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    Donahue, J.M. (1990) Nonsporeforming anaerobic bacteria. In: Diagnostic Procedures in Veterinary Bacteriology and Mycology, 5th edn., Eds: G.R. Carter and J.R. Cole, Jr., Academic Press, Inc., San Diego, California. pp 177-209.
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    Bowen, J.M., Tobin, N., Simpson, R.B., Ley, W.B. and Ansari, M.M. (1982) Effects of washing on the bacterial flora of the stallion's penis. J. Reprod. Fertil., Suppl. 32, 41-45.
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    Clement, F., Vidament, M. and Guérin, B. (1995) Microbial contamination of stallion semen. Biol. Reprod. Mo. 1, 779-786.
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    Aurich, C. (2008) Recent advances in cooled-semen technology. Anim. Reprod. Sci. 107, 268-275.
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    Tischner, M., Kosiniak, K. and Bielański, W. (1974) Analysis of the pattern of ejaculation in stallions. J. Reprod. Fertil. 41, 329-335.
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    Vaillancourt, D., Guay, P. and Higgins, R. (1993) The effectiveness of gentamicin or polymyxin B for the control of bacterial growth in equine semen stored at 20°C or 5°C for up to forty-eight hours. Can. J. Vet. Res. 57, 277-280.
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    Brinsko, S.P., Crockett, E.C. and Squires, E.L. (2000) Effect of centrifugation and partial removal of seminal plasma on equine spermatozoal motility after cooling and storage. Theriogenol. 54, 129-136.