Visual outcome after corneal transplantation for corneal perforation and iris prolapse in 37 horses: 1998–2010
Article first published online: 27 NOV 2012
© 2012 EVJ Ltd
Equine Veterinary Journal
Special Issue: 58th Annual Convention of the American Association of Equine Practitioners. Guest Editors: N. White, D. Sellon and B. Ball. Publication of this supplement was supported by the American Association of Equine Practitioners
Volume 44, Issue Supplement S43, pages 115–119, December 2012
How to Cite
de Linde Henriksen, M., Plummer, C. E., Mangan, B., Ben-Shlomo, G., Tsujita, H., Greenberg, S., Toft, N. and Brooks, D. E. (2012), Visual outcome after corneal transplantation for corneal perforation and iris prolapse in 37 horses: 1998–2010. Equine Veterinary Journal, 44: 115–119. doi: 10.1111/j.2042-3306.2012.00657.x
- Issue published online: 27 NOV 2012
- Article first published online: 27 NOV 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 9 AUG 2012
- Manuscript Received: 23 DEC 2011
- iris prolapse;
- penetrating keratoplasty;
Reasons for performing study
We wanted to investigate the visual outcome of horses presented with iris prolapse and treated with corneal transplantation.
To evaluate the visual outcome of horses with iris prolapse treated with penetrating keratoplasty alone and penetrating keratoplasty in combination with overlying conjunctival or amniotic membrane grafting.
A retrospective medical records study of horses presented to the University of Florida Veterinary Medical Center for iris prolapse and treated with penetrating keratoplasty in the period of 1998-2010. Data collected from the medical records included signalment, clinical descriptions of ocular lesions, treatments, and therapeutic outcome.
Iris prolapses in this study were caused by corneal ulcers with keratomalacia (n = 37). All horses were treated medically for infection, hyperproteinase activity and iridocyclitis, and then surgically treated with either penetrating keratoplasty alone (n = 9) or penetrating keratoplasty with either a conjunctival pedicle flap (n = 22), amniotic membrane transplant (n = 5) or amnion membrane and conjunctival pedicle flap (n = 1). The eyes were visual postoperatively in a majority of the cases (n = 24; 64.9%). Limited vision was noted in 6 eyes (16.2%), 3 eyes became phthisical (8.1%) and 4 globes were enucleated (10.8%). Graft rejection manifested as some degree of donor corneal graft opacification in all cases. Anterior synechiae were present in 48.6% of the eyes. Wound dehiscence and aqueous humour leakage were also common as post operative problems.
Penetrating keratoplasty alone or in combination with an overlying graft of conjunctiva or amniotic membrane can achieve a successful visual outcome in a high percentage of horses with iris prolapse.