SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Jeffcott, L.B. (1980) Disorders of the thoracolumbar spine of the horse – a survey of 443 cases. Equine Vet. J. 12, 197-210.
  • 2
    Ranner, W. and Gerhards, H. (2002) The occurrence of backproblems in horses in South Germany – with special reference to the ‘Kissing Spine-Syndrome’. Pferdeheilkunde 18, 21-33.
  • 3
    Erichsen, C., Eksell, P., Holm, K.R., Lord, P. and Johnston, C. (2004) Relationship between scintigraphic and radiographic evaluations of thoracic dorsal spinous processes in the thoracolumbar spine in riding horses without clinical signs of back problems. Equine Vet. J. 36, 458-465.
  • 4
    Sinding, M.F. and Berg, L.C. (2010) Intervertebral distances between thoracic thoracic dorsal spinous processes in Warmblood foals: a radiographic study. Equine Vet. J. 42, 500-503.
  • 5
    Holmer, M., Wollanke, B. and Stadtbaeumer, G. (2007) X-ray alterations on spinal processes of 295 warmblood horses without clinical findings. Pferdeheilkunde 23, 507-511.
  • 6
    Jeffcott, L.B. and Dalin, G. (1980) Natural rigidity of the horse's backbone. Equine Vet. J. 12, 101-108.
  • 7
    Denoix, J.-M. (1987) Kinematics of the thoracolumbar spine of the horse during dorsoventral movements: a preliminary report. In: Equine Exercise Physiology 2, Eds: J.R. Gillespie and N.E. Robinson, ICEEP Publications, Davis, California. pp 607-614.
  • 8
    Gomez Alvarez, C.B., Rhodin, M., Bobber, M.F., Meyer, H., Weishaupt, M.A., Johnston, C. and van Weeren, P.R. (2006) The effect of head and neck position on the thoracolumbar kinematics in the unridden horse. Equine Vet. J., Suppl. 36, 445-451.
  • 9
    Rhodin, M., Johnston, C., Holm, K.R., Wennerstrand, J. and Drevemo, S. (2005) The influence of head and neck position on kinematics of the back in riding horses at the walk and trot. Equine Vet. J. 37, 7-11.
  • 10
    Intermediateman, S.L. and England, G.C. (2000) Investigation of romifidine and detomidine for the clinical sedation of horses. Vet. Rec. 147, 507-511.
  • 11
    Penell, J.C., Egenvall, A., Bonnett, B.N., Olson, P. and Pringle, J. (2005) Specific causes of morbidity among Swedish horses insured for veterinary care between 1997 and 2000. Vet. Rec. 157, 470-477.
  • 12
    Penell, J.C., Egenvall, A., Bonnett, B.N. and Pringle, J. (2007) Validation of computerized Swedish horse insurance data against veterinary clinical records. Prev. Vet. Med. 82, 236-251.
  • 13
    Mitchell, R.D. (2009) Imaging considerations in the purchase examination of the performance horse. Proc. Am. Ass. Equine Practnrs. 55, 296-300.
  • 14
    Gerhards, H., Hertsch, B., Jahn, P. and Brunken, G. (2007) Leitfaden für die roentgenologische Beurteilung bei der Kaufuntersuchung des Pferdes (Roentgenleitfaden RöLF 07). Gesellschaft für Pferdemedizin und Bundestieraerztekammer http://www.bundestieraerztekammer.de/downloads/btk/leitlinien/RoentgenLeitfaden_2007.pdf
  • 15
    Westfaelisches Pferdestammbuch e.V. (2010) Tieraerztliche Untersuchung bei Koerung von Reitpferdehengsten (Richtlinie gem. §10,Nr.5f der Satzung). http://www.westfalenpferde.de/03/pdf-dateien/Roentgen-Infos.pdf
  • 16
    Jeffcott, L.B. (1979) Radiographic features of the normal equine thoracolumbar spine. Vet. Radiol. 20, 140-147.
  • 17
    Niblack, W. (1986) An introduction to digital image processing, 1st edn., Prentice Hall International, Michigan. pp 115-116.
  • 18
    Clayton, H.M., Kaiser, L.J., Lavagnino, M. and Stubbs, N.C. (2010) Dynamic mobilisations in cervical flexion: effects on intervertebral angulations. Equine Vet. J., Suppl. 38, 688-694.
  • 19
    Licka, T. and Peham, C. (1998) An objective method for evaluating the flexibility of the back of standing horses. Equine Vet. J. 30, 412-415.
  • 20
    Faber, M., Schamhardt, H., van, Weeren R., Johnston, C., Roepstorff, L. and Barneveld, A. (2000) Basic three-dimensional kinematics of the vertebral column of horses walking on a treadmill. Am. J. Vet. Res. 61, 399-406.
  • 21
    Faber, M., Johnston, C., Schamhardt, H., van, Weeren R., Roepstorff, L. and Barneveld, A. (2001) Basic three-dimensional kinematics of the vertebral column of horses trotting on a treadmill. Am. J. Vet. Res. 62, 757-764.
  • 22
    van Weeren, P.R. (2004) Structure and biomechanical concept of the equine back. Pferdeheilkunde 20, 341-348.
  • 23
    Kreling, I. and Lauk, H.D. (1996) Surgical treatment of kissing spines syndrome – 50 cases. 1. Diagnostic methods. Pferdeheilkunde 12, 79-85.
  • 24
    Jeffcott, L.B. (1993) Back problems in the equine athlete 2. Range of conditions and lines of therapy. Pferdeheilkunde 9, 223-236.
  • 25
    Daemmrich, K., Randelhoff, A. and Weber, B. (1993) Morphological studies in relation to the biomechanics of the thoracolumbar vertebral column and the pathogenesis of overriding or kissing spines in horses. Pferdeheilkunde 9, 267-281.
  • 26
    Zimmerman, M., Dyson, S. and Murray, R. (2011) Comparison of radiographic and scintigraphic findings of the thoracic dorsal spinous processes in the equine thoracolumbar region. Vet. Radiol. Ultrasound 52, 661-671.
  • 27
    Klide, A.M. (1989) Overriding vertebral thoracic dorsal spinous processes in the extinct horse, Equus occidentalis. Am. J. Vet. Res. 50, 592-593.
  • 28
    Wennerstrand, J., Johnston, C., Roethlisberger-Holm, K., Erichsen, C., Eksell, P. and Drevemo, S. (2004) Kinematic evaluation of the back in the sport horse with back pain. Equine Vet. J. 36, 707-711.
  • 29
    Johnston, C., Holm, K.R., Erichsen, C., Eksell, P. and Drevemo, S. (2004) Kinematic evaluation of the back in fully functioning riding horses. Equine Vet. J. 36, 495-498.