The permeability of enteric coatings and the dissolution rates of coated tablets


Colorcon, Inc., Moyer Boulevard, West Point, PA 19486, U.S.A.


The effect of an increasing concentration of plasticizer and pigment on the permeability to both water vapour and simulated gastric juice of cellulose acetate phthalate and polyvinyl acetate phthalate has been evaluated. There were significant differences between the permeability coefficients of each polymer, particularly with regard to water vapour. The presence of additives within the film coatings had a greater effect on the properties of cellulose acetate phthalate than those of polyvinyl acetate phthalate. Suitable formulations of each polymer were used to enteric coat 325 mg aspirin tablets, which were subsequently subjected to both the Disintegration Test for Enteric Coated Tablets B.P. and a dissolution procedure to monitor the release of drug in simulated gastric juice and simulated intestinal fluid. Both polymers demonstrated their suitability for producing enteric coatings. However, polyvinyl acetate phthalate yielded a faster release of aspirin in simulated intestinal fluid than did cellulose acetate phthalate.