Objectives With the aim of finding the structural features governing binding activity and selectivity against adenosine receptors (ARs), several 3-subtituted coumarins with amide (compounds 3–6) and carbamate (7–9) functions were synthesized. To study its possible influence on the binding activity and selectivity, a hydroxyl substituent was also introduced at position 4 of the coumarin moiety.
Methods A new series of coumarins (3–9) were synthesized and evaluated by radioligand binding studies towards ARs.
Key findings None of the 4-hydroxy derivatives (4, 8 and 9) showed binding affinity for any of the ARs. None of the compounds interacted with the hA2B AR (Ki > 100 000 nm). Compounds 3, 5, 6 and 7 had different activity profiles with dissimilar binding affinity and selectivity towards human A1, A2A and A3 ARs.
Conclusions The most remarkable derivative is compound 7, which presents the best affinity and selectivity for the A3 adenosine receptor (Ki = 5500 nm).