Locally enhanced early bone formation of zoledronic acid incorporated into a bone cement plug in vivo
Article first published online: 27 SEP 2012
© 2012 The Authors. JPP © 2012. Royal Pharmaceutical Society
Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Volume 65, Issue 2, pages 201–212, February 2013
How to Cite
Sörensen, T. C., Arnoldi, J., Procter, P., Beimel, C., Jönsson, A., Lennerås, M., Emanuelsson, L., Palmquist, A., Thomsen, P., Robioneck, B. and Steckel, H. (2013), Locally enhanced early bone formation of zoledronic acid incorporated into a bone cement plug in vivo. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 65: 201–212. doi: 10.1111/j.2042-7158.2012.01588.x
- Issue published online: 26 DEC 2012
- Article first published online: 27 SEP 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 12 AUG 2012
- Manuscript Received: 11 FEB 2012
- bone cement;
- bone formation;
- calcium phosphate;
The aim of the study was to gain experience about the short-term effects of zoledronic acid (ZOL) on bone-implant contact (BIC), bone regeneration and bone area (BA).
In this in-vivo study, ZOL was released locally from a drug-loaded pre-shaped calcium phosphate bone cement plug which was implanted into a bone defect in the proximal tibia of rats. At 1 and 3 weeks post implantation, tissue reactions as well as bone regeneration capabilities at the implant site were investigated. Furthermore, tissue samples, harvested at placebo and verum plug sites were used to analyse the gene expression of selected bone-specific markers by using quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Data were normalized against ribosomal RNA (Rn18s) subunits.
In the placebo interface a higher amount of cells could be detected as indicated by higher expression of small subunit Rn18s. Nevertheless, comparing the normalized data of the selected gene expression levels, no significant differences were detected. The histomorphometric results showed a significant higher BIC and BA for ZOL-loaded plugs at 3 weeks after implantation.
In this model, ZOL was demonstrated to be effective in impacting the bone regeneration process towards reduction of early bone resorption and enhanced bone formation.