inline image

inline image

Here is a sample question, please visit for more details.

This case study investigates an 8-year-old dog with a history of a swelling on the right elbow.

An 8-year-old, female spayed, crossbreed dog was presented with multiple hard, subcutaneous masses that had reportedly developed over the course of at least one month. One was present on the right lateral elbow as shown in Fig 1. Two more, similar masses were present on the right distal hind limb – one in the hock region, just caudal to the calcaneus, and one caudal to the metatarsophalangeal joint.

On physical examination, the dog was bright, in good body condition, and showed no evidence of lameness. Body temperature was 38°C, and apart from the elbow mass, no other physical abnormalities were detected. Haematological and serum biochemical profiles were normal.

What initial action is advised?


  1. Top of page

1. What initial action is advised:

  • a. Broad spectrum antibiotic therapy
  • b. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory therapy
  • c. Cage rest
  • c. Radiography

This Case Study is continued online – visit to complete this online Case Study. If you are a subscriber you will be able to access this and many more online-only Case Studies as part of your Continuing Professional Development. Visit, log in and answer the multiple choice questions which lead you through the Case Study. Your answers will then be submitted and marked instantly to achieve a Certificate of Completion which can be printed off and kept as part of your CPD portfolio.