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This study examined the factorial structure of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) in normal university students (N = 135) and a mixed clinical sample (N = 139). Two highly stable orthogonal factors were observed accounting for 70 and 21 per cent of the variance, respectively. Factor I was interpreted as reflecting undifferentiated executive function while Factor II may measure cognitive abilities associated with attentional function. This work can serve as the basis for further examination of the construct validity of the WCST and has implications for its use