Dissociation of the recency effect and immediate memory span: Evidence from beginning readers



A group (n = 12) of poor beginning readers was tested on free recall of 10-word lists. They demonstrated as strong a recency effect as an IQ-matched group of good readers. The poor readers showed the inferiority in immediate memory span (Digit Span test of the WISC) typical of that population. The results demonstrate a degree of dissociation between the recency effect and memory span, supporting arguments that the two aspects of performance are manifestations of different memory processes.