Jacksonville University, Jacksonville, FL 32211, USA.
Instructional effects on responses in Wason's selection task
Article first published online: 13 APR 2011
1990 The British Psychological Society
British Journal of Psychology
Volume 81, Issue 2, pages 197–204, May 1990
How to Cite
Griggs, R. A. and Jackson, S. L. (1990), Instructional effects on responses in Wason's selection task. British Journal of Psychology, 81: 197–204. doi: 10.1111/j.2044-8295.1990.tb02355.x
- Issue published online: 13 APR 2011
- Article first published online: 13 APR 2011
- Received 18 July 1989; revised version received 21 December 1989
- Cited By
This study examines the effects of three different violation instructions in the abstract selection task. Margolis (1987) hypothesized different selection patterns for each of these instructions. The results of Expt 1 supported all of his predictions, including one for a large number of not-p and not-q selections, an extremely infrequent choice for the abstract selection task. In Expt 2, the violation instruction leading to the not-p and not-q selections was used in an abstract permission schema selection task problem. In this case, it enhanced the facilitation normally observed for such problems instead of leading to not-p and not-q selections. The present results are discussed as support for attentional cueing models of reasoning, specifically Margolis's scenario/linguistic ambiguity theory and Evans's heuristic/analytic processing theory.