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Social facilitation and driver behaviour
Article first published online: 13 APR 2011
1990 The British Psychological Society
British Journal of Psychology
Volume 81, Issue 3, pages 351–360, August 1990
How to Cite
Baxter, J. S., Manstead, A. S. R., Stradling, S. G., Campbell, K. A., Reason, J. T. and Parker, D. (1990), Social facilitation and driver behaviour. British Journal of Psychology, 81: 351–360. doi: 10.1111/j.2044-8295.1990.tb02366.x
- Issue published online: 13 APR 2011
- Article first published online: 13 APR 2011
- Received 12 July 1989; revised version received 6 February 1990
- Cited By
Audience effects on individual behaviour have often been interpreted in terms of increased arousal, which in turn enhances the emission of dominant responses. However, such drive-based explanations do not readily fit all of the evidence on audience effects. The present study examined the influence on driver behaviour of the presence of a passenger. The main findings were that the incidence of both signalling and speeding appeared to be reduced by the presence of certain types of passenger. These results seem to support a control theory rather than a drive-based account of social facilitation. In addition, the incidence of close following and speeding differed significantly across type of driver. Taken together, these results suggest ways for improving road safety propaganda based on the specific norms salient for specific categories of road user.