Our colleague and great friend Dr. Clare Cassidy sadly passed away on the 16th of September 2008.
A longitudinal investigation of the rejection–identification hypothesis
Version of Record online: 7 JUL 2011
©2011 The British Psychological Society
British Journal of Social Psychology
Volume 51, Issue 4, pages 642–660, December 2012
How to Cite
Ramos, M. R., Cassidy, C., Reicher, S. and Haslam, S. A. (2012), A longitudinal investigation of the rejection–identification hypothesis. British Journal of Social Psychology, 51: 642–660. doi: 10.1111/j.2044-8309.2011.02029.x
- Issue online: 5 DEC 2012
- Version of Record online: 7 JUL 2011
- Received 10 May 2010; revised version received 15 February 2011
The rejection–identification model (RIM; Branscombe, Schmitt, & Harvey, 1999) is supported by a number of previous studies (e.g., Schmitt, Branscombe, Kobrynowicz, & Owen, 2002; Schmitt, Spears, & Branscombe, 2003). This suggests that rejection by an outgroup can lead minority group members to identify more with their ingroup, thereby buffering them from the negative effects of discrimination. However, contradictory findings have been produced by other research (e.g., Eccleston & Major, 2006; Major, Quinton, & Schmader, 2003; McCoy & Major, 2003; Sellers & Shelton, 2003), suggesting that the relationship between rejection and identification is far from being completely understood. In the present study, we followed a cohort of 113 international students for a period of 2 years. The study sought to extend the previous work in two important ways. First, it examined the RIM within a longitudinal perspective. Second, building on important work on the multidimensionality of social identification (e.g., Ellemers, Kortekaas, & Ouwerkerk, 1999; Jackson, 2002), it tested the RIM using a three-dimensional approach to group identification. Results supported the predictions of the RIM and indicated that perceived discrimination causes minority group identification and not the reverse. The multidimensional approach also served to reveal a specific effect of discrimination on the cognitive components of identification.