Evaluating a visual timeline methodology for appraisal and coping research
Article first published online: 18 SEP 2012
© 2012 The British Psychological Society
Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology
Volume 85, Issue 4, pages 649–665, December 2012
How to Cite
Mazzetti, A. and Blenkinsopp, J. (2012), Evaluating a visual timeline methodology for appraisal and coping research. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 85: 649–665. doi: 10.1111/j.2044-8325.2012.02060.x
- Issue published online: 16 OCT 2012
- Article first published online: 18 SEP 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 6 JUN 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 25 MAY 2012
- Manuscript Received: 3 FEB 2012
Theoretical models of stress have become increasingly sophisticated, recognizing the importance of context and history, yet the principal data-gathering method used by researchers remains the self-report questionnaire, a method which is conspicuously ill suited to obtaining data which would allow for exploration of these factors. In this article, we explore the use of visual methods as an alternative to traditional methods, presenting the findings of a study designed to test the utility of a visual timeline technique. A key contribution of this article is the application of an alternative technique for researching stress appraisal and coping. The technique conferred a number of benefits that may not have been provided by more conventional approaches, making it a suitable basis for the exploration of stress appraisal and coping. A further contribution is the identification of a straightforward process for analysing the visual data produced.
- Understanding appraisal and coping in terms of history and context is crucial to the design of effective stress interventions.
- The visual timeline method offers practitioners an alternative way of gathering data to inform the design of appropriate interventions.
- It may be especially useful in working with individuals and organizations coping with change: the method was positively evaluated by participants, who found the experience enjoyable and beneficial, so it may elicit more engagement than traditional methods for gauging employee responses to change, such as attitude surveys.