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Affective well-being is influenced by individuals' momentary beliefs concerning events' impact on goals. We examined within-day beliefs concerning problem-solving demands' adverse impact on an important work goal (work performance). Participants (= 68) provided data up to four times per day for one working week. Hourly beliefs about problem-solving demands' adverse impact on performance were associated with end-of-hour anxious affect and inversely associated with end-of-hour motivated pleasant affect.

Practitioner Points

  • Jobs cannot be treated as static entities with fixed characteristics that are interpreted in the same way by all people all of the time.
  • In addition to environmental factors, job redesign interventions to enhance psychological well-being need to integrate information about dynamic, cognitive processes internal to the person and within-day temporal processes.