Children's use of display rules in pride-eliciting situations


Psychologisches Institut, Universität Heidelberg, Hauptstr. 47-51, 6900 Heidelberg, Germany.


Toddlers' (21–63 months) use of display rules was investigated during competitive interaction between siblings. The toddlers were judged to show pride when, after winning the game, they drew attention to their achievement. All children, with the exception of three younger siblings (mean age = 23 months), showed pride. Older siblings (mean age = 58 months), however, used display rules significantly more often than younger ones (mean age = 34 months) in order to mask their pride.