• Data mining;
  • electronic health record;
  • end-of-life hospital care;
  • pain;
  • plan of care

PURPOSE:  To reveal hidden patterns and knowledge present in nursing care information documented with standardized nursing terminologies on end-of-life (EOL) hospitalized patients.

METHOD:  596 episodes of care that included pain as a problem on a patient's care plan were examined using statistical and data mining tools. The data were extracted from the Hands-On Automated Nursing Data System database of nursing care plan episodes (n = 40,747) coded with NANDA-I, Nursing Outcomes Classification, and Nursing Intervention Classification (NNN) terminologies. System episode data (episode = care plans updated at every hand-off on a patient while staying on a hospital unit) had been previously gathered in eight units located in four different healthcare facilities (total episodes = 40,747; EOL episodes = 1,425) over 2 years and anonymized prior to this analyses.

RESULTS:  Results show multiple discoveries, including EOL patients with hospital stays (<72 hr) are less likely (p < .005) to meet the pain relief goals compared with EOL patients with longer hospital stays.

CONCLUSIONS:  The study demonstrates some major benefits of systematically integrating NNN into electronic health records.