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Human–Animal Interaction: A Concept Analysis


  • Coley Vitztum RN, MSN, CCNS

    1. Coley Vitztum, RN, MSN, CCNS is a doctorate student at the School of Nursing, University of Missouri-Kansas City, Kansas City, Missouri.
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  • Financial disclosure: The author has not received any financial support and/or compensation for this manuscript., with a copy to the Editor:


PURPOSE:  A concept analysis was performed on human–animal interaction (HAI).

DATA SOURCE:  Nursing, psychology, and behavioral sciences literature.

DATA SYNTHESIS:  Uses and definitions associated with HAI were used to articulate the attributes, antecedents, consequences, and empirical referents. Model, borderline, and contrary cases were developed.

CONCLUSIONS:  HAI is operationally defined.

IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE:  Including HAI as a health promotion behavior, within a theoretical framework, appears to be a promising intervention and may be linked to physical activity.

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