PURPOSE: A concept analysis was performed on human–animal interaction (HAI).
DATA SOURCE: Nursing, psychology, and behavioral sciences literature.
DATA SYNTHESIS: Uses and definitions associated with HAI were used to articulate the attributes, antecedents, consequences, and empirical referents. Model, borderline, and contrary cases were developed.
CONCLUSIONS: HAI is operationally defined.
IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE: Including HAI as a health promotion behavior, within a theoretical framework, appears to be a promising intervention and may be linked to physical activity.