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A Composite Case Study of a Woman With Human Immunodeficiency Virus: Integration of Nursing Research and Theory With Practice


  • Case Study Column Editor: Margaret Lunney, RN, PhD.
  • This is not a case study about one particular person, but it is a representative of the population for whom the author provides care.

Author contact:, with a copy to the Editor:



The purpose of this case study is to demonstrate integration of the research-based standardized languages of NANDA-I, the Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC), and the Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) with Barrett's middle range theory of power to support a woman's experience of ending sexual exploitation and stopping drug use.

Data Source

Clinical practice, the collective experiences of patients, research evidence, and books that explain NANDA-I, NOC, and NIC.

Data Synthesis

The success of this woman in managing her health supports the use of Barrett's theory of power.


Theory and research provide the foundations for quality-based clinical practice.

Implications for Nursing Practice

Identification of readiness to change enabled significant life changes.