Increasing association between a neuropeptide Y promoter polymorphism and body mass index during the course of development

Authors

  • S. Hohmann,

    1. Departments of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Central Institute of Mental Health, Medical Faculty Mannheim/Heidelberg University, Mannheim, Germany
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  • A. F. Buchmann,

    1. Departments of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Central Institute of Mental Health, Medical Faculty Mannheim/Heidelberg University, Mannheim, Germany
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  • S. H. Witt,

    1. Genetic Epidemiology in Psychiatry, Central Institute of Mental Health, Medical Faculty Mannheim/Heidelberg University, Mannheim, Germany
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  • M. Rietschel,

    1. Genetic Epidemiology in Psychiatry, Central Institute of Mental Health, Medical Faculty Mannheim/Heidelberg University, Mannheim, Germany
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  • C. Jennen-Steinmetz,

    1. Biostatistics, Central Institute of Mental Health, Medical Faculty Mannheim/Heidelberg University, Mannheim, Germany
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  • M. H. Schmidt,

    1. Departments of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Central Institute of Mental Health, Medical Faculty Mannheim/Heidelberg University, Mannheim, Germany
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  • G. Esser,

    1. Department of Psychology, University of Potsdam, Potsdam, Germany
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  • T. Banaschewski,

    1. Departments of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Central Institute of Mental Health, Medical Faculty Mannheim/Heidelberg University, Mannheim, Germany
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  • M. Laucht

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Psychology, University of Potsdam, Potsdam, Germany
    • Departments of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Central Institute of Mental Health, Medical Faculty Mannheim/Heidelberg University, Mannheim, Germany
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Address for correspondence: Professor M Laucht, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Central Institute of Mental Health, Medical Faculty Mannheim/Heidelberg University, J 5, 68159 Mannheim, Germany. E-mail: manfred.laucht@zi-mannheim.de

Summary

What is already known about this subject?

    What is already known about this subject?
  • NPY serves as a potent orexigenic signal and plays an important role in body weight regulation. Recently, evidence for the impact of NPY gene variation on body weight regulation and risk of obesity was provided.
  • Research has indicated that genetic influences on some traits such as BMI change with age, with often showing a stronger effect as children mature.

What this study adds?

    What this study adds?
  • We show first evidence from a longitudinal study, demonstrating an association between NPY rs16147 genotype and BMI development from infancy into young adulthood.
  • The NPY effect appears to increase with age, being more pronounced in older age groups than in younger ones.

Objective

To investigate the association of the neuropeptide Y (NPY) promoter polymorphism rs16147 with body mass index (BMI) during the course of development from infancy to adulthood.

Design

Longitudinal, prospective study of a German community sample.

Subjects

n = 306 young adults (139 males, 167 females).

Measurements

Participants’ body weight and height were assessed at the ages of 3 months and 2, 4.5, 8, 11, 15 and 19 years. NPY rs16147 was genotyped.

Results

Controlling for a number of possible confounders, homozygote carriers of the rs16147 C allele exhibited significantly lower BMI scores when compared with individuals carrying the T allele. In addition, a significant genotype by age interaction emerged, indicating that the genotype effect increased during the course of development.

Conclusions

This is the first longitudinal study to report an association between rs16147 and BMI during childhood and adolescence. The finding that this effect increased during the course of development may either be due to age-dependent alterations in gene expression or to maturation processes within the weight regulation circuits of the central nervous system.

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