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  • Abdelkarim, A. 1988 Some Aspects of Commoditisation and Transformation in Rural Sudan.” In T. Barnett and A. Abdelkarim, eds., pp. 181202.
  • Abdelkarim, A. 1985 Primitive Capital Accumulation in the Sudan. Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation, University of East Anglia, Norwich.
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  • Akol, J. 1987 Southern Sudanese Refugees: Their Repatriation and Resettlement After the Addis Ababa Agreement.” In J. Rogge, ed., pp. 143157.
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  • Alier, A. 1990 Southern Sudan: Too Many Agreements Dishonoured. Exter: Ithaca Press.
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  • Arnold, D. 1988 Famine. London: Basil Blackwell.
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  • Bonner, R. 1989 Famine,” The New Yorker (March 13):85101.
  • Born 1980 Urban Development in the Sudan with Special Reference to El Obeid.” In V. Pons, ed., pp. 147181.
  • Bromley, R. 1979 The Urban Informal Sector: Critical Studies on Employment and Housing Policies. Pergamon Press.
  • Brown, L. and J. Jacobson 1987 The Future of Urbanization: Facing the Ecological and Economic Constraints. Worldwatch Paper No. 77 (May). Worldwatch Institute.
  • Bulcha, M. 1988 Flight and Integration: Causes of Mass Exodus from Ethiopia and Problems of Integration in the Sudan. Uppsala: Scandinavian Institute of African Studies.
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  • Campell, D. and D. Trechter 1982 Strategies for Coping with Food Consumption Shortages in the Mandera Mountains Regions of Northern Cameroon,” Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 16.
  • Cantarow, E. 1985 Letter from a Devastated Land,” MERIP Reports (September):2728.
  • Cater, N. 1986 The Roots of Famine. Oxford: Oxfam.
  • Center for Disease Control, United States Department of Health and Human Services 1989 Health Assessment of the Population Affected by Flood Conditions—Khartoum, Sudan,” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Vol. 37(51–52):785788, (January 6).
  • Cernea, M. 1990 Internal Refugee Flows and Development-Induced Displacement. Journal of Refugee Studies, Vol. 3(4):320339.
  • Cernea, M. 1988 Involuntary Resettlement in Development Projects. Washington, DC: The World Bank.
  • Chambers, R. 1989 Editorial Introduction: Vulnerability, Coping and Policy,” IDS Bulletin, Vol. 20(2):17.
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  • Collins, R. 1990 The Waters of the Nile: Hydropolitics and the Jonglei Canal 1900–1988. Clarendon: Oxford University Press.
  • Collins, R. 1983 Shadows in the Grass: Britain in the Southern Sudan, 1918–1956. New Haven, CT: Yak-University Press.
  • Collins, R. 1971 Land Beyond the Rivers: The Southern Sudan, 1898–1918. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
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  • Commission of the Displaced, Government of the Sudan 1990 The Root Cause and the Social, Political, Economic and Security Impacts of Population Displacement.” Paper presented at the National Conference of the Displaced, Khartoum, February 3–8. (In Arabic).
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  • Curtis, D., M. Hubbard and A. Shepherd 1988 Preventing Famine: Policies and Prospects for Africa. London and New York: Routledge.
  • Cutler, P. 1991 The Political Economy of Famine in Ethiopia and Sudan,” Ambio, Vol. 20(5):176178.
  • Cutler, P. 1986 The Response to Drought of Beja Famine Refugees in Sudan,” Disasters, Vol. 10(3):181188.
  • Cutler, P. 1985 The Use of Economic and Social Information in Famine Prediction and Response. Report to the Overseas Development Administration, London.
  • Cutler, P. 1984 Famine Forecasting: Prices and Peasanst Behavior in Northern Ethiopia,” Disasters, Vol. 8(1).
  • Dak, O. 1986 Some Thoughts on the Economic Development of Southern Sudan.” In D. Rosenberg, ed., pp. 103110.
  • Dando, W. 1980 The Geography of Famine. New York: Wiley and Sons.
  • Darfur Regional Government and the United Nations Development Program 1985 Darfur Workshop, Strategy Paper.” Darfur: Regional Government of Darfur and UNDP.
  • Davies, J., ed. 1990 Displaced Peoples and Refugees Studies: A Resource Guide. Sevenoaks: Hans Zell Publishers.
  • Deng, F. and P. Gillford, eds. 1987 The Search for Peace and Unity in the Sudan. Washington, DC: The Wilson Center Press.
  • Department of Statistics, Government of Sudan 1987 Population and Housing Census 1983: Khartoum Province. Khartoum, Sudan: Population Census Office.
  • de Waal, A. 1989a Famine that Kills: Darfur, Sudan, 1984–1985. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • de Waal, A. 1989b Famine Mortality: A Case Study of Darfur, Sudan 1984–5,” Population Studies Vol 43:524.
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  • de Waal, A. 1988 Refugees and the Creation of Famine: The Case of Dar Masalit, Sudan,” Journal of Refugee Studies, Vol. 1(2):127140.
  • Dodge, C. et al. 1987 Profile of the Displaced in Khartoum,” Disasters, Vol. 11(4):234250.
  • Domian, S. 1989 L' Architecture Soudanaise. Paris: Harmattan.
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  • Doxiades Associates and Abdel-Moneim Mustafa & Partners 1991 Contract for Consultancy Services Preparation of an Urban Development Plan and Action Programs for the National Capital—Report Number II—Draft I Overview of Existing Situation. Khartoum, Sudan.
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  • El-Bushra, E. 1976 Atlas of Khartoum Conurbation. Khartoum: Khartoum University Press.
  • El-Gadi, F. 1995 Government Policies Regarding the Displaced, Refugees and Returnees Problems.” Paper prepared for the Peace and Shelter Seminar, Western Bahr al-Ghazal State. (In Arabic).
  • El-Ghali, S. 1989 Inauguration of ‘Excess Clothing’ Project,” Al-Siasa January 30. (In Arabic).
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  • El-Jaili, M. 1988 Environmental Management Traditional versus Modern: Case Study of Um-Ruaba District, Sudan. Ph.D. Dissertation. Clark University.
  • El-Nour, A. H. 1989 The Relationship between Urbanization and Socio-Economic Development in the Sudan,” GeoJournal, Vol. 8(4):369377.
  • El-Samani, M. O. et al. 1984 Nomads of the Semi-Desert Belt of Northern Kordofan and Darfur Regions. Vol. 1: A Baseline Study of Sodari District. Economic and Social Research Council, Research Report No. 15 (August), Khartoum.
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  • Friedmann, J. and M. Salguero 1988 The Barrio Economy and Collective Self-Empowerment in Latin America. In Life Space and Economic Space. Ed. J. Friedman. New Brunswick, NJ: Transactions Books.
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  • Galal el-Din, M. 1973 Internal Migration in the Sudan since World War II with Special Reference to Greater Khartoum. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of London.
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