Numerical Integration of the Barotropic Vorticity Equation

Authors

  • J. G. CHARNEY,

    1. The Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, New Jersey
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    • 2

      This work was prepared under Contract N-6-ori-139 with the Office of Naval Research.

  • R. FJÖRTOFT,

    1. The Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, New Jersey
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    • 1

      On leave from Det Norske Meteorologiske Insritutt, Oslo, Norway.

    • 2

      This work was prepared under Contract N-6-ori-139 with the Office of Naval Research.

  • J. Von NEUMANN

    1. The Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, New Jersey
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    • 2

      This work was prepared under Contract N-6-ori-139 with the Office of Naval Research.


Abstract

A method is given for the numerical solution of the barotropic vorticity equation over a limited area of the earth's surface. The lack of a natural boundary calls for an investigation of the appropriate boundary conditions. These are determined by a heuristic argument and are shown to be sufficient in a special case. Approximate conditions necessary to insure the mathematical stability of the difference equation are derived. The results of a series of four 24-hour forecasts computed from actual data at the 500 mb level are presented, together with an interpretation and analysis. An attempt is made to determine the causes of the forecast errors. These are ascribed partly to the use of too large a space increment and partly to the effects of baroclinicity. The rôle of the latter is investigated in some detail by means of a simple baroclinic model.

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