This research was supported by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada.
Music, Emotion, and Self-Control: Does Listening to Uplifting Music Replenish Self-Control Strength for Exercise?
Article first published online: 11 SEP 2013
© 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Applied Biobehavioral Research
Volume 18, Issue 3, pages 156–173, September 2013
How to Cite
Bray, S. R., Oliver, J. P., Graham, J. D. and Martin Ginis, K. A. (2013), Music, Emotion, and Self-Control: Does Listening to Uplifting Music Replenish Self-Control Strength for Exercise?. Journal of Applied Biobehavioral Research, 18: 156–173. doi: 10.1111/jabr.12008
- Issue published online: 11 SEP 2013
- Article first published online: 11 SEP 2013
- Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada
The study investigated the effects of listening to self-selected uplifting music on positive emotional states and self-control. The participants (n = 72; Mage 22.26 ± 5.97) performed two endurance handgrip squeezes separated by a varied set of experimental manipulations. In two conditions, participants performed a Stroop (self-control depletion) task and then either listened to self-selected uplifting music or rested quietly. Controls performed a reading task and then rested quietly. Listening to uplifting music evoked positive emotional states, F(2, 69) = 6.98, p = .002, partial η2 = .71; however, participants in both self-control depletion conditions performed worse than controls on the exercise task (p ≤ .07). Findings support the strength model of self-control but raise questions about the effects of positive emotional states on self-control.