Parent Depression Symptoms and Child Temperament Outcomes: A Family Study Approach
Article first published online: 20 NOV 2013
© 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Applied Biobehavioral Research
Volume 18, Issue 4, pages 175–197, December 2013
How to Cite
Gagne, J. R., Spann, C. A. and Prater, J. C. (2013), Parent Depression Symptoms and Child Temperament Outcomes: A Family Study Approach. Journal of Applied Biobehavioral Research, 18: 175–197. doi: 10.1111/jabr.12013
- Issue published online: 20 NOV 2013
- Article first published online: 20 NOV 2013
Parent personality and depression, family conflict, and child temperament were examined in a family study design including two children 2.5–5.5 years of age. Sibling resemblance for temperament was also investigated. Parent personality and family conflict had minimal significance for child temperament outcomes. However, parent depression was associated with higher child activity level and anger, and lower inhibitory control. These findings were supported by more rigorous regression analyses that included parent depression, child gender, and age as predictors. Sibling resemblance for child activity, anger and inhibitory control was also present, supporting a genetic etiology for child temperament. These findings indicate that children of depressed parents may be at increased risk for experiencing behavioral maladjustment related to anger, hyperactivity, and impulse control.