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Sol–Gel Synthesis and Characterization of Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3NaTaO3Thin Films


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Thin films with the composition 70 mol% Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3 + 30 mol% NaTaO3 were prepared by sol–gel synthesis and spin coating. The influence of the annealing temperature on the microstructural development and its further influence on the dielectric properties in the low- (kHz–MHz) and microwave-frequency (15 GHz) ranges were investigated. In the low-frequency range we observed that with an increasing annealing temperature from 550°C to 650°C the average grain size increased from 90 to 170 nm, which led to an increase in the dielectric permittivity from 130 to 240. The temperature-stable dielectric properties were measured for thin films annealed at 650°C in the temperature range between −25°C and 150°C. The thin films deposited on corundum substrates had a lower average grain size than those on Si/SiO2/TiO2/Pt substrates. The highest average grain size of 130 nm was obtained for a thin film annealed at 600°C, which displayed a dielectric permittivity of 130, measured at 15 GHz.