Perovskite-Structured BiFeO3Bi(Zn1/2Ti1/2)O3PbTiO3 Solid Solution Piezoelectric Ceramics with Curie Temperature About 700°C


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In this article, perovskite-structured BiFeO3Bi(Zn1/2Ti1/2)O3PbTiO3 (BFBZTPT) ternary solid solutions were prepared with traditional solid-state reaction method and demonstrated to exhibit a coexistent phase boundary (CPB) with Curie temperature of TC~700°C in the form of ceramics with microstructure grain size of several micron. It was found that those CPB ceramics fabricated with conventional electroceramic processing are mechanically and electrically robust and can be poled to set a high piezoelectricity for the ceramics prepared with multiple calcinations and sintering temperature around 750°C. A high piezoelectric property of TC = 560°C, d33 = 30 pC/N, ε33T0 = 302, and tanδ = 0.02 was obtained here for the CPB 0.53BF–0.15BZT–0.32PT ceramics with average grain size of about 0.3 μm. Primary experimental investigations found that the enhanced piezoelectric response and reduced ferroelectric Curie temperature are closely associated with the small grain size of microstructure feature, which induces lattice structural changes of increased amount ratio of rhombohedral-to-tetragonal phase accompanying with decreased tetragonality in the CPB ceramics. Taking advantage of structural phase boundary feature like the Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 systems, through adjusting composition and microstructure grain size, the CPB BF–BZT–PT ceramics is a potential candidate to exhibit better piezoelectric properties than the commercial K-15 Aurivillius-type bismuth titanate ceramics. Our essay is anticipated to excite new designs of high–temperature, high–performance, perovskite-structured, ferroelectric piezoceramics and extend their application fields of piezoelectric transducers.