Specimens of 43 fish species belonging to 25 families were collected from seasonal bottom trawl surveys in Haizhou Bay from March to December 2011. The length–weight relationships (LWRs) of these fish species were estimated, with 22 species presented for the first time. Maximum total length records of ten species exceeded those in FishBase. The effects of sex, season and growth phase on the relationships for some of these species were taken into account whereby one species had significantly (P < 0.05) different LWRs by sex, and eight species exhibited significantly different LWRs by season. Two different growth stanzas were detected for two species using the double-logarithmic plot of body weight versus total length.