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Effect of dietary dextrin levels on the growth performance, blood chemistry, body composition, hepatic triglicerides and glycogen of Lebranche mullet juveniles (Mugil liza Valenciennes 1836, Mugilidae)

Authors

  • J. Zamora-Sillero,

    1. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Aquicultura, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande (FURG), Rio Grande, Brasil
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  • L. R. V. Ramos,

    1. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Aquicultura, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande (FURG), Rio Grande, Brasil
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  • L. A. Romano,

    1. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Aquicultura, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande (FURG), Rio Grande, Brasil
    2. Laboratório de Patologia e Imunologia de Organismos Aquáticos, Instituto de Oceanografia (IO), Universidade Federal do Rio Grande (FURG), Rio Grande, Brasil
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  • J. M. Monserrat,

    1. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Aquicultura, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande (FURG), Rio Grande, Brasil
    2. Instituto de Ciências Biológicas (ICB), Universidade Federal do Rio Grande (FURG), Rio Grande, Brasil
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  • M. B. Tesser

    Corresponding author
    1. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Aquicultura, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande (FURG), Rio Grande, Brasil
    2. Laboratório de Nutrição de Organismos Aquáticos, Instituto de Oceanografia (IO), Universidade Federal do Rio Grande (FURG), Rio Grande, Brasil
    • Author's address: Marcelo Borges Tesser, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande, Instituto de Oceanografia, Laboratório de Nutrição de Organismos Aquáticos, Rio Grande-RS, CP 474, Brasil, CEP 96201-900, Brasil.

      E-mail: mbtesser@gmail.com

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Summary

The effects of increasing levels of dietary dextrin on growth performance, body composition, blood chemistry and hepatic triglycerides and glycogen levels were evaluated for juvenile Lebranche mullet, Mugil liza Valenciennes 1836, Mugilidae). Five diets were formulated to be isonitrogenous (350 g kg−1) and isolipidic (6 g kg−1) with increasing dextrin levels (D150: 150 g kg−1; D200: 200 g kg−1; D250: 250 g kg−1; D300: 300 g kg−1; D350: 350 g kg−1). The experimental diets were offered to the fish for 34 days, four times per day, until apparent satiation. Each treatment was tested in triplicate, with nine fish per tank (mean weight 4.69 ± 0.31 g). Fish were reared in a recirculating aquatic system of 15 fibreglass tanks each containing 50 L of saltwater. Growth parameters and body composition of the mullets were not significantly affected (P > 0.05) by the dietary treatments. Plasma glucose concentration declined (P < 0.05) when dietary dextrin increased from D250 to D300, but recovered to the previous values (in reference to D150 and D200) when fish were fed with D350. Glycated haemoglobin, plasma proteins, triglycerides and cholesterol showed no significant differences among these treatments. Hepatic glycogen reached a maximum in treatment D250, followed by D350, D200 and D300, with the lowest concentration of liver glycogen found in D150 (P < 0.05). The concentration of liver triglycerides showed an increase (P < 0.05) in treatments D300 and D350 compared with D200. In conclusion, Mugil liza juveniles can be fed diets with high levels of dietary dextrin with no deleterious effects to their growth or plasma biochemistry, hepatic glycogen or triglycerides.

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