This study examines the length-weight (L-W) and length-length (L-L) relationships, gonadosomatic indices, and size at sexual maturity for individuals of the endemic Mexican mojarra, Eugerres mexicanus (Steindachner, 1863) from the Usumacinta River Basin, Tabasco, Mexico. From April 2008 to January 2010, 360 specimens were examined, including 151 (41.9%) male, 179 (49.7%) female and 30 unsexed (8.3%) individuals. Overall female:male ratio was 1.2 : 1. Gonadosomatic index (GSI) values indicate increased reproductive activity during February, with significant differences between males (GSI = 2.07) and females (GSI = 5.48). The mean size at first maturity (L50) was 17.3 cm TL for males and 20.5 cm TL for females.