Growth, acid production and bacteriocin production by probiotic candidates under simulated colonic conditions
Article first published online: 27 DEC 2012
© 2013 The Society for Applied Microbiology
Journal of Applied Microbiology
Volume 114, Issue 3, pages 877–885, March 2013
How to Cite
Fernandez, B., Le Lay, C., Jean, J. and Fliss, I. (2013), Growth, acid production and bacteriocin production by probiotic candidates under simulated colonic conditions. Journal of Applied Microbiology, 114: 877–885. doi: 10.1111/jam.12081
- Issue published online: 18 FEB 2013
- Article first published online: 27 DEC 2012
- Accepted manuscript online: 21 NOV 2012 12:30AM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 10 NOV 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 30 OCT 2012
- Manuscript Received: 25 SEP 2012
- Fonds de recherche du Québec – Nature et technologies (FQRNT)
- National Science and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)
- Listeria inhibition;
- simulated colonic environment
The aim of this study is to evaluate the capacity of three bacteriocin producers, namely Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis biovar diacetylactis UL719 (nisin Z producer), L. lactis ATCC 11454 (nisin A producer) and Pediococcus acidilactici UL5 (pediocin PA-1 producer), and to grow and produce their active bacteriocins in Macfarlane broth, which mimics the nutrient composition encountered in the human large intestine.
Methods and Results
The three bacteriocin-producing strains were grown in Macfarlane broth and in De Man–Rogosa–Sharpe (MRS) broth. For each strain, the bacterial count, pH drop and production of organic acids and bacteriocins were measured for different period of time. The ability of the probiotic candidates to inhibit Listeria ivanovii HPB 28 in co-culture in Macfarlane broth was also examined. Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis biovar diacetylactis UL719, L. lactis ATCC 11454 and Ped. acidilactici UL5 were able to grow and produce their bacteriocins in MRS broth and in Macfarlane broth. Each of the three candidates inhibited L. ivanovii HPB 28, and this inhibition activity was correlated with bacteriocin production. The role of bacteriocin production in the inhibition of L. ivanovii in Macfarlane broth was confirmed for Ped. acidilactici UL5 using a pediocin nonproducer mutant.
The data provide some evidence that these bacteria can produce bacteriocins in a complex medium with carbon source similar to those found in the colon.
Significance and Impact of the Study
This study demonstrates the capacity of lactic acid bacteria to produce their bacteriocins in a medium simulating the nutrient composition of the large intestine.