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Keywords:

  • capsid protein sequences;
  • detection;
  • group A rotaviruses;
  • phylogenetic analysis;
  • RT-qPCR assays

Abstract

Aims

The aim of this study was to compare the performance of four RT-qPCR assays for the detection of human and bovine group A rotaviruses and to characterize the positive samples by sequence analysis of VP4 and VP7 genes.

Methods and Results

RNA extracted from eight human rotavirus strains, and a panel of 33 human and 25 bovine faecal samples was subjected to different RT-qPCR detection systems. Among these assays, only RT-qPCR primers and probe systems B and C were able to detect all human rotavirus strains from cell culture solutions and faecal samples. However, the results showed that the system C was generally more sensitive by one or two logs than the other RT-qPCR assays tested. With the bovine faecal samples, the most efficient RT-qPCR systems were B and A with the detection in 100 and 92% of samples tested, respectively. Human group A rotavirus G1P[8] and bovine G6P[11] were the most frequently used strains identified in this study. A G3P[9] strain, closely related to a feline rotavirus isolated in the USA, was also discovered in a human rotavirus infection.

Conclusion

The RT-qPCR system B was the only TaqMan assay evaluated in this study able to detect rotavirus RNA in all positive human and bovine faecal samples.

Significance and Impact of the Study

Utilization of only one RT-qPCR for the detection of human and bovine group A rotaviruses and the possibility of human infection by a feline rotavirus strain.