Development of amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP)-derived specific primer for the detection of Fusarium solani aetiological agent of peanut brown root rot
Article first published online: 25 MAR 2013
© 2013 The Society for Applied Microbiology
Journal of Applied Microbiology
Volume 114, Issue 6, pages 1782–1792, June 2013
How to Cite
Casasnovas, F., Fantini, E.N., Palazzini, J.M., Giaj-Merlera, G., Chulze, S.N., Reynoso, M.M. and Torres, A.M. (2013), Development of amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP)-derived specific primer for the detection of Fusarium solani aetiological agent of peanut brown root rot. Journal of Applied Microbiology, 114: 1782–1792. doi: 10.1111/jam.12183
- Issue published online: 17 MAY 2013
- Article first published online: 25 MAR 2013
- Accepted manuscript online: 8 MAR 2013 07:28AM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 27 FEB 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 15 FEB 2013
- Manuscript Received: 24 OCT 2012
- CONICET PIP. Grant Number: 11220080101753
- AFLP markers;
- Fusarium solani species complex;
- PCR-based diagnosis;
- root rot
The objective of this work was to design an amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP)-derived specific primer for the detection of Fusarium solani aetiological agent of peanut brown root rot (PBRR) in plant material and soil.
Methods and Results
Specific primers for the detection of the pathogen were designed based on an amplified region using AFLPs. The banding patterns by AFLPs showed that isolates from diseased roots were clearly distinguishable from others members of the F. solani species complex. Many bands were specific to F. solani PBRR, one of these fragments was selected and sequenced. Sequence obtained was used to develop specific PCR primers for the identification of pathogen in pure culture and in plant material and soil. Primer pair FS1/FS2 amplified a single DNA product of 175 bp. Other fungal isolates occurring in soil, included F. solani non-PBRR, were not detected by these specific primers. The assay was effective for the detection of pathogen from diseased root and infected soils.
The designed primers for F. solani causing PBRR can be used in a PCR diagnostic protocol to rapidly and reliably detect and identify this pathogen.
Significance and Impact of the Study
These diagnostic PCR primers will aid the detection of F. solani causing PBRR in diseased root and natural infected soils. The method developed could be a helpful tool for epidemiological studies and to avoid the spread of this serious disease in new areas.