SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • American Public Health Association. (1999) Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 20th Edition. Washington, DC: American Public Health Association.
  • Anderson, K.L., Whitlock, J.E. and Harwood, V.J. (2005) Persistence and differential survival of fecal indicator bacteria in subtropical waters and sediments. Appl Environ Microbiol 71, 30413048.
  • Badgley, B.D., Nayak, B.S. and Harwood, V.J. (2010a) The importance of sediment and submerged aquatic vegetation as potential habitats for persistent strains of enterococci in a subtropical watershed. Water Res 44, 58575866.
  • Badgley, B.D., Thomas, F.I. and Harwood, V.J. (2010b) The effects of submerged aquatic vegetation on the persistence of environmental populations of Enterococcus spp. Environ Microbiol 12, 12711281.
  • Bernhard, A.E. and Field, K.G. (2000a) Identification of nonpoint sources of fecal pollution in coastal waters by using host-specific 16S ribosomal DNA genetic markers from fecal anaerobes. Appl Environ Microbiol 66, 15871594.
  • Bernhard, A.E. and Field, K.G. (2000b) A PCR assay to discriminate human and ruminant feces on the basis of host differences in Bacteroides-Prevotella gene encoding 16S rRNA. Appl Environ Microbiol 66, 45714574.
  • Boehm, A.B., Griffith, J., McGee, C., Edge, T.A., Solo-Gabriele, H.M., Whitman, R., Cao, Y., Getrich, M. et al. (2009) Faecal indicator bacteria enumeration in beach sand: a comparison study of extraction methods in medium to coarse sands. J Appl Microbiol 107, 17401750.
  • Brownell, M.J., Harwood, V.J., Kurz, R.C., McQuaig, S.M., Lukasik, J. and Scott, T.M. (2007) Confirmation of putative stormwater impact on water quality at a Florida beach by microbial source tracking methods and structure of indicator organism populations. Water Res 41, 37473757.
  • Byappanahalli, M., Nevers, M., A., K., Staley, Z. and Harwood, V.J. (2012) Enterococci in the environment. Mol and Microbiol Rev 76, 685706.
  • Canfield, D.E.J. (1983) Prediction of chlorophyll a concentrations in Florida lakes: the importance of phosphorous and nitrogen. J Am Water Resour Assoc 19, 255262.
  • Chase, E., Hunting, J., Staley, C. and Harwood, V.J. (2012) Microbial source tracking to identify human and ruminant sources of faecal pollution in an ephemeral Florida river. J Appl Microbiol 13, 13961406.
  • Colford, J.M., Wade, T.J., Schiff, K.C., Wright, C.C., Griffith, J.F., Sanduh, S.K., Burns, S., Sobsey, M. et al. (2007) Water quality indicators and the risk of illness at beaches with nonpoint sources of fecal contamination. Epidemology 18, 2735.
  • Craig, D.L., Fallowfield, H.J. and Cromar, N.J. (2004) Use of microcosms to determine persistence of Escherichia coli in recreational coastal water and sediment and validation with in situ measurements. J Appl Microbiol 96, 922930.
  • Craun, G.F. and Calderon, R.L. (2006) Observational epidemiological studies of endemic waterborne risks: cohort, case-control, time-series, and ecological studies. J Water Health 4, 101119.
  • Davies, C.M., Long, J.A., Donald, M. and Ashbolt, N.J. (1995) Survival of fecal microorganisms in marine and freshwater sediments. Appl Environ Microbiol 61, 18881896.
  • Desmarais, T.R., Solo-Gabriele, H.M. and Palmer, C.J. (2002) Influence of soil on fecal indicator organisms in a tidally influenced subtropical environment. Appl Environ Microbiol 68, 11651172.
  • Dick, L.K., Bernhard, A.E., Brodeur, T.J., Santo Domingo, J.W., Simpson, J.M., Walters, S.P. and Field, K.G. (2005) Host distributions of uncultivated fecal Bacteroidales bacteria reveal genetic markers for fecal source identification. Appl Environ Microbiol 71, 31843191.
  • Dorevitch, S., Ashbolt, N.J., Ferguson, C.M., Fujioka, R., McGee, C.D., Soller, J.A. and Whitman, R.L. (2010) Knowledge and gaps in developing microbial criteria for inland recreational waters. Environ Health Perspect 118, 871876.
  • Field, K.G. and Samadpour, M. (2007) Fecal source tracking, the indicator paradigm, and managing water quality. Water Res 41, 35173538.
  • Flood, C., Ufnar, J., Wang, S., Johnson, J., Carr, M. and Ellender, R. (2011) Lack of correlation between enterococcal counts and the presence of human specific fecal markers in Mississippi creek and coastal waters. Water Res 45, 872878.
  • Fremaux, B., Gritzfeld, J., Boa, T. and Yost, C.K. (2009) Evaluation of host-specific Bacteroidales 16S rRNA gene markers as a complementary tool for detecting fecal pollution in a prairie watershed. Water Res 43, 48384849.
  • Gordon, K.V., Brownell, M., Wang, S., Lepo, J.E., Mott, J., Nathaniel, R., Kilgen, M., Hellein, K.N. et al. (2012) Relationship of human-associated microbial source tracking markers with enterococci in Gulf of Mexico waters. Water Res 47, 9961004.
  • Graczyk, T.K., Sunderland, D., Tamang, L., Lucy, F.E. and Breysse, P.N. (2007a) Bather density and levels of Cryptosporidium, Giardia, and pathogenic microsporidian spores in recreational bathing water. Parasitol Res 101, 17291731.
  • Graczyk, T.K., Sunderland, D., Tamang, L., Shields, T.M., Lucy, F.E. and Breysse, P.N. (2007b) Quantitative evaluation of the impact of bather density on levels of human-virulent microsporidian spores in recreational water. Appl Environ Microbiol 73, 40954099.
  • Hagedorn, C., Blanch, A.R. and Harwood, V.J. (2011) Microbial Source Tracking: Methods, Applications, and Case Studies. New York, NY: Springer-U.S.
  • Harwood, V.J., Butler, J., Parrish, D. and Wagner, V. (1999) Isolation of fecal coliform bacteria from the diamondback terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin centrata). Appl Environ Microbiol 65, 865867.
  • Harwood, V.J., Levine, A.D., Scott, T.M., Chivukula, V., Lukasik, J., Farrah, S.R. and Rose, J.B. (2005) Validity of the indicator organism paradigm for pathogen reduction in reclaimed water and public health protection. Appl Environ Microbiol 71, 31633170.
  • Harwood, V.J., Brownell, M., Wang, S., Lepo, J., Ellender, R.D., Ajidahun, A., Hellein, K.N., Kennedy, E. et al. (2009) Validation and field testing of library-independent microbial source tracking methods in the Gulf of Mexico. Water Res 43, 48124819.
  • Heaney, C.D., Sams, E., Wing, S., Marshall, S., Brenner, K., Dufour, A.P. and Wade, T.J. (2009) Contact with beach sand among beachgoers and risk of illness. Am J Epidemiol 170, 164172.
  • Ishii, S., Hansen, D.L., Hicks, R.E. and Sadowsky, M.J. (2007) Beach sand and sediments are temporal sinks and sources of Escherichia coli in Lake Superior. Environ Sci Technol 41, 22032209.
  • Islam, M., Morgan, J., Doyle, M.P., Phatak, S.C., Millner, P. and Jiang, X. (2004) Persistence of Salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium on lettuce and parsley and in soils on which they were grown in fields treated with contaminated manure composts or irrigation water. Foodborne Pathog Dis 1, 2735.
  • Jin, G., Jeng, H.W., Bradford, H. and Englande, A.J. (2004) Comparison of E. coli, enterococci, and fecal coliform as indicators for brackish water quality assessment. Water Environ Res 76, 245255.
  • Korajkic, A., Badgley, B.D., Brownell, M.J. and Harwood, V.J. (2009) Application of microbial source tracking methods in a Gulf of Mexico field setting. J Appl Microbiol 107, 15181527.
  • Korajkic, A., Wanjugi, P. and Harwood, V.J. (2013) Indigenous microbiota and habitat influence Escherichia coli survival more than sunlight in simulated aquatic habitats. Appl Environ Microbiol. doi: 10.1128/AEM.01362-13 [Epub ahead of print].
  • Lamendella, R., Domingo, J.W., Oerther, D.B., Vogel, J.R. and Stoeckel, D.M. (2007) Assessment of fecal pollution sources in a small northern-plains watershed using PCR and phylogenetic analyses of Bacteroidetes 16S rRNA gene. FEMS Microbiol Ecol 59, 651660.
  • Lee, D.-Y., Shannon, K. and Beaudette, L.A. (2005) Detection of bacterial pathogens in municipal wastewater using an oligonucleotide microarray and real-time quantitative PCR. J Microbiol Methods 65, 453467.
  • Lee, C.M., Lin, T.Y., Lin, C.C., Kohbodi, G.A., Bhatt, A., Lee, R. and Jay, J.A. (2006) Persistence of fecal indicator bacteria in Santa Monica Bay beach sediments. Water Res 40, 25932602.
  • Lee, Y.J., Molina, M., Santo Domingo, J.W., Willis, J.D., Cyterski, M., Endale, D.M. and Shanks, O.C. (2008) Temporal assessment of the impact of exposure to cow feces in two watershed by multiple host-specific PCR assays. Appl Environ Microbiol 74, 68396847.
  • McQuaig, S.M., Scott, T.M., Harwood, V.J., Farrah, S.R. and Lukasik, J.O. (2006) Detection of human-derived fecal pollution in environmental waters by use of a PCR-based human polyomavirus assay. Appl Environ Microbiol 72, 75677574.
  • McQuaig, S.M., Scott, T.M., Lukasik, J.O., Paul, J.H. and Harwood, V.J. (2009) Quantification of human polyomaviruses JC Virus and BK Virus by TaqMan quantitative PCR and comparison to other water quality indicators in water and fecal samples. Appl Environ Microbiol 75, 33793388.
  • McQuaig, S.M., Griffith, J. and Harwood, V.J. (2012) The association of fecal indicator bacteria with human viruses and microbial source tracking markers at coastal beaches impacted by nonpoint source pollution. Appl Environ Microbiol 78, 64236432.
  • Parker, J.K., McIntyre, D. and Noble, R.T. (2010) Characterizing fecal contamination in stormwater runoff in coastal North Carolina, USA. Water Res 44, 41864194.
  • Philip, D.A.T., Antoine, P., Cooper, V., Francis, L., Mangal, E., Seepersad, N., Ragoo, R., Ramsaran, S. et al. (2009) Impact of recreation on recreational water quality of a small tropical stream. J Environ Monit 11, 11921198.
  • Reischer, G.H., Haider, J.M., Sommer, R., Stadler, H., Keiblinger, K.M., Hornek, R., Zerobin, W., Mach, R.L. et al. (2008) Quantitative microbial faecal source tracking with sampling guided by hydrological catchment dynamics. Environ Microbiol 10, 25982608.
  • Scott, T.M., Rose, J.B., Jenkins, T.M., Farrah, S.R. and Lukasik, J. (2002) Microbial source tracking: current methodology and future directions. Appl Environ Microbiol 68, 57965803.
  • Semenov, A.V., van Overbeek, L. and van Bruggen, A.H.C. (2009) Percolation and survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium in soil amended with contaminated dairy manure or slurry. Appl Environ Microbiol 75, 32063215.
  • Shehane, S.D., Harwood, V.J., Whitlock, J.E. and Rose, J.B. (2005) The influence of rainfall on the incidence of microbial faecal indicators and the dominant sources of faecal pollution in a Florida river. J Appl Microbiol 98, 11271136.
  • Soller, J.A., Schoen, M.E., Bartrand, T., Ravenscroft, J.E. and Ashbolt, N.J. (2010) Estimated human health risks from exposure to recreational waters impacted by human and non-human sources of faecal contamination. Water Res 44, 46764691.
  • Staley, C.M., Rechkhow, K.H., Lukasik, J. and Harwood, V.J. (2012) Assessment of sources of human pathogens and fecal contamination in a Florida freshwater lake. Water Res 46, 57995812.
  • Thorn, C.E., Quilliam, R.S., Williams, A.P., Malham, S.K., Cooper, D., Reynolds, B. and Jones, D.L. (2011) Grazing intensity is a poor indicator of waterborne Escherichia coli O157 activity. Anaerobe 17, 330333.
  • Ufnar, J.A., Wang, S.Y., Christiansen, J.M., Yampara-Iquise, H., Carson, C.A. and Ellender, R.D. (2006) Detection of the nifH gene of Methanobrevibacter smithii: a potential tool to identify sewage pollution in recreational waters. J Appl Microbiol 101, 4452.
  • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (1986) Quality criteria for water 1986. EPA 440/5-86-001.
  • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (2000) The History of Drinking Water Treatment. EPA-816-F-00-006.
  • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (2002a) Implementation guidance for ambient water quality criteria for bacteria. EPA-823-B-02-003.
  • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (2002b) Method 1600: enterococci in water by membrane filtration using membrane-enterococcus indoxy-B-D-glucoside agar (mEI). EPA 821-R-02-022.
  • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (2002c) Method 1603: Escherichia coli (E.coli) in water by membrane filtration using modified membrane-thermotolerant Escherichia coli agar (modified mTEC). EPA 821-R-02-023.
  • Wade, T.J., Calderon, R.L., Brenner, K.P., Sams, E., Beach, M., Haugland, R., Wymer, L. and Dufour, A.P. (2008) High sensitivity of children to swimming-associated gastrointestinal illness: results using a rapid assay of recreational water quality. Epidemiology 19, 375383.
  • Wanjugi, P. and Harwood, V.J. (2012) The influence of predation and competition on the survival of commensal and pathogenic fecal bacteria in aquatic habitats. Environ Microbiol 28, 517526.
  • Ziemer, C.J., Bonner, J.M., Cole, D., Vinje, J., Constantini, V., Goyal, S., Gramer, M., Mackie, R. et al. (2010) Fate and transport of zoonotic, bacterial, viral, and parasitic pathogens during swine manure treatment, storage, and land application. J Anim Sci 88, E84E94.