Cell surface hydrophobicity: a key component in the degradation of polyethylene succinate by Pseudomonas sp. AKS2
Article first published online: 18 NOV 2013
© 2013 The Society for Applied Microbiology
Journal of Applied Microbiology
Volume 116, Issue 2, pages 295–303, February 2014
How to Cite
Tribedi, P. and Sil, A.K. (2014), Cell surface hydrophobicity: a key component in the degradation of polyethylene succinate by Pseudomonas sp. AKS2. Journal of Applied Microbiology, 116: 295–303. doi: 10.1111/jam.12375
- Issue published online: 17 JAN 2014
- Article first published online: 18 NOV 2013
- Accepted manuscript online: 29 OCT 2013 02:03AM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 23 OCT 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 17 AUG 2013
- Manuscript Received: 10 APR 2013
- CSIR-Senior Research Fellowship
- Government of West Bengal. Grant Number: 555-BT Estt/RD-21/11
- cell surface hydrophobicity;
- polyethylene succinate;
Polyethylene succinate (PES) contains hydrolysable ester bonds that make it a potential substitute for polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP). Towards bioremediation of PES, we have already reported that a new strain of Pseudomonas, Pseudomonas sp. AKS2, can efficiently degrade PES and hypothesized that cell surface hydrophobicity plays an important role in this degradation process. In this study, our efforts were targeted towards establishing a correlation between cell surface hydrophobicity and PES degradation.
Methods and Results
We have manipulated cell surface hydrophobicity of AKS2 by varying concentrations of glucose and ammonium sulphate in the growth medium and subsequently examined the extent of PES degradation. We observed an increase in PES degradation by AKS2 with an increase in cell surface hydrophobicity. The increased surface hydrophobicity caused an enhanced biofilm formation on PES surface that resulted in better polymer degradation.
The current study establishes a direct correlation between cell surface hydrophobicity of an organism and its potential to degrade a nonpolar polymer like PES.
Significance and Impact of the Study
Cell surface hydrophobicity manipulation can be used as an important strategy to increase bioremediation of nonpolar polymer like PES.