Functional recovery of older people with hip fracture: does malnutrition make a difference?
Article first published online: 12 OCT 2012
© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Journal of Advanced Nursing
Volume 69, Issue 8, pages 1691–1703, August 2013
How to Cite
2012) Functional recovery of older people with hip fracture: Does malnutrition make a difference? Journal of Advanced Nursing 69(8), 1691–1703. doi: 10·1111/jan.12027, , , & (
- Issue published online: 11 JUL 2013
- Article first published online: 12 OCT 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 8 SEP 2012
- functional recovery;
- hip fracture;
- interdisciplinary intervention;
- older people
To report a study of the effects of protein-energy malnutrition on the functional recovery of older people with hip fracture who participated in an interdisciplinary intervention.
It is not clear whether protein-energy malnutrition is associated with worse functional outcomes or it affects the interdisciplinary intervention program on the functional recovery of older people with hip fracture.
A randomized experimental design.
Data were collected between 2002–2006 from older people with hip fracture (N = 162) in Taiwan. The generalized estimating equations approach was used to evaluate the effect of malnutrition on the functional recovery of older people with hip fracture.
The majority of older patients with hip fracture were malnourished (48/80, 60% in the experimental group vs. 55/82, 67% in the control group) prior to hospital discharge. The results of the generalized estimating equations analysis demonstrated that subjects suffering from protein-energy malnutrition prior to hospital discharge appeared to have significantly worse performance trajectories for their activities of daily living, instrumental activities of daily living, and recovery of walking ability compared with those without protein-energy malnutrition. In addition, it was found that the intervention is more effective on the performance of activities of daily living and recovery of walking ability in malnourished patients than in non-malnourished patients.
Healthcare providers should develop a nutritional assessment/management system in their interdisciplinary intervention program to improve the functional recovery of older people with hip fracture.