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Keywords:

  • allied health;
  • collaboration;
  • interprofessional practice;
  • intraprofessional practice;
  • negotiated order theory;
  • nursing;
  • traumatic brain injury

Abstract

Aims

To report a study of the negotiation practices of neurorehabilitation nurses with one another and with allied health professionals to understand nursing relations.

Background

Negotiated order theory offers a promising theoretical lens with which to explore negotiation between nurses and other professionals. This study is the first to apply the perspective to nurse–nurse and nurse–allied health professional relations.

Design

The study is a secondary analysis of findings from a multi-site arts-based intervention to improve patient-centred neurorehabilitation practice.

Methods

Interviews and ethnographic observations were conducted (2008–2011) in two neurorehabilitation units in Ontario, Canada. Participants (n = 31) included registered and practical nurses, nurse leaders, and allied health professionals from physical, occupational, and recreational therapy, speech language pathology, and social work.

Findings

Neurorehabilitation nursing is characterized by heavy workload, high patient acuity, and poor interprofessional collaboration. This practice context was negotiated by nurses through two strategies: (1) intraprofessional collegialism, accomplished through tactics including task and knowledge sharing, emotional support, coercive threats, and suppression of dissension; and (2) vying for an autonomous essential nursing role in interprofessional practice, accomplished by claiming unique nursing knowledge based on 24/7 nursing proximity, the expansion of the division of professional labour with allied health professionals and modifying physical therapy care plans.

Conclusion

The intraprofessional context and negotiations therein were linked in significant ways to interprofessional negotiations. Understanding this complexity has important implications for improving patient safety and interprofessional practice interventions.