Psychosocial influencers and mediators of treatment adherence in haemodialysis patients
Article first published online: 7 JAN 2013
© 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Journal of Advanced Nursing
Volume 69, Issue 9, pages 2041–2053, September 2013
How to Cite
2013) Psychosocial influencers and mediators of treatment adherence in haemodialysis patients. Journal of Advanced Nursing 69, 9 2041–2053. doi: 10.1111/jan.12071, & (
- Issue published online: 14 AUG 2013
- Article first published online: 7 JAN 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 24 NOV 2012
- INHA UNIVERSITY Research
- cross-sectional design;
- psychosocial nursing
This article is a report of the development and testing of the hypothetical model that illustrates relationships between treatment adherence and its psychosocial influencing factors and to elucidate the direct and indirect (mediating) effects of factors on treatment adherence.
Poor adherence has been consistently reported in haemodialysis patients. Much research has showed various influencing factors of adherence, but these studies have failed to identify consistent influencing factors.
This study was performed using a non-experimental, cross-sectional design.
The study subjects were 150 end-stage renal failure patients on haemodialysis at a university hospital located in Incheon, South Korea. Data were collected over 10 months (June 2010–April 2011).
The hypothetical model provided a good fit with data. Haemodialysis-related knowledge, perceived barrier to adherence, self-efficacy on adherence, and healthcare provider support had significant effects on adherence. Self-efficacy was found to mediate barrier–adherence and family support–adherence relationships. Self-efficacy in combination with barrier, family support, and healthcare provider support was found to mediate the depression–adherence relationship.
Strategies aimed at the development of successful adherence interventions should focus on reducing perceived barriers and enhancing self-efficacy and knowledge. It can be suggested that efforts to improve the healthcare provider–patient relationship would enhance adherence. In depressive patients, strategies that promote self-efficacy and the support of family or healthcare providers could diminish the negative impact of depression on adherence.