Family caregiver strategies to encourage older relatives with dementia to use social services
Article first published online: 18 APR 2013
© 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Journal of Advanced Nursing
Volume 69, Issue 12, pages 2675–2685, December 2013
How to Cite
2013) Family caregiver strategies to encourage older relatives with dementia to use social services. Journal of Advanced Nursing 69(12), 2675–2685. doi: 10.1111/jan.12155, , , , & (
- Issue published online: 15 NOV 2013
- Article first published online: 18 APR 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 16 MAR 2013
- Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan
- community care;
- family caregivers;
- older adults;
- qualitative inquiry;
- social support;
To elicit the strategies used by Japanese family caregivers in the community to encourage older relatives with dementia to use adult daycare and respite stays.
Older adults with dementia often require adult daycare and respite stays for their family caregivers to gain respite from care-giving. However, persons with dementia often face difficulty in new environments and timely access to sufficient services may be difficult to achieve. Few studies have examined how family caregivers encourage their service use.
A qualitative method.
Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 16 family caregivers who were caring for relatives with dementia at home between 2005–2007. Data were analysed qualitatively.
Family caregivers used various strategies to encourage older relatives to use services, allowing the older adult to decide whether to use the service, yearning and searching for the least harmful service, tailoring the service to the older adult, persuading the older adult to use the service, conforming the older adult to the service and coercing the older adult to use the service. Different strategies were used depending on factors such as desperation in needing respite, willingness to do what is best for the older adult, confidence in taking care of the older adult and the anticipated response of the older adult to services.
Nurses should carefully assess caregivers' strategies in their attempts to encourage service use and should provide adequate assistance in accordance with those strategies.