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Keywords:

  • concept analysis;
  • evolutionary method;
  • holistic;
  • mindfulness;
  • nursing;
  • presence;
  • self-care

Abstract

Aim

To report an analysis of the concept of mindfulness.

Background

Mindfulness is an emerging concept in health care that has significant implications for a variety of clinical populations. Nursing uses this concept in limited ways, and subsequently requires conceptual clarity to further identify its significance, use and applications in nursing.

Design

Mindfulness was explored using Rodgers evolutionary method of concept analysis.

Data Sources

For this analysis, a sample of 59 English theoretical and research-based articles from the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature database were obtained. The search was conducted between all-inclusive years of the database, 1981–2012.

Review Methods

Data were analysed with particular focus on the attributes, antecedents, consequences, references and related terms that arose in relation to mindfulness in the nursing literature.

Results

The analysis found five intricately connected attributes: mindfulness is a transformative process where one develops an increasing ability to ‘experience being present’, with ‘acceptance’, ‘attention’ and ‘awareness’. Antecedents, attributes and consequences appeared to inform and strengthen one another over time. Mindfulness is a significant concept for the discipline of nursing with practical applications for nurse well-being, the development and sustainability of therapeutic nursing qualities and holistic health promotion.

Conclusion

It is imperative that nurse well-being and self-care become a more prominent focus in nursing research and education. Further development of the concept of mindfulness could support this focus, particularly through rigorous qualitative methodologies.