Addressing the need for an infection prevention and control framework that incorporates the role of surveillance: a discussion paper
Article first published online: 23 JUN 2013
© 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Journal of Advanced Nursing
Volume 70, Issue 3, pages 533–542, March 2014
How to Cite
2013) Addressing the need for an infection prevention and control framework that incorporates the role of surveillance: a discussion paper. Journal of Advanced Nursing 70(3), 533–542. doi: 10.1111/jan.12193& (
- Issue published online: 23 JAN 2014
- Article first published online: 23 JUN 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 25 MAY 2013
- Rosemary Norman Foundation and the Nurses Memorial Centre
- healthcare-associated infection;
- infection control;
- infection prevention;
To present a discussion on theoretical frameworks in infection prevention and control.
Infection prevention and control programmes have been in place for several years in response to the incidence of healthcare-associated infections and their associated morbidity and mortality. Theoretical frameworks play an important role in formalizing the understanding of infection prevention activities.
A literature search using electronic databases was conducted for published articles in English addressing theoretical frameworks in infection prevention and control between 1980–2012.
Nineteen papers that included a reference to frameworks were identified in the review. A narrative analysis of these papers was completed. Two models were identified and neither included the role of surveillance.
To reduce the risk of acquiring a healthcare-associated infection, a multifaceted approach to infection prevention is required. One key component in this approach is surveillance. The review identified two infection prevention and control frameworks, yet these are rarely applied in infection prevention and control programmes. Only one framework considered the multifaceted approach required for infection prevention. It did not, however, incorporate the role of surveillance. We present a framework that incorporates the role of surveillance into a biopsychosocial approach to infection prevention and control.
Infection prevention and control programmes and associated research are led primarily by nurses. There is a need for an explicit infection prevention and control framework incorporating the important role that surveillance has in infection prevention activities. This study presents one framework for further critique and discussion.