Spiritual care of the child with cancer at the end of life: a concept analysis
Article first published online: 16 SEP 2013
© 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Journal of Advanced Nursing
Volume 70, Issue 6, pages 1243–1253, June 2014
How to Cite
2014) Spiritual care of the child with cancer at the end of life: a concept analysis. Journal of Advanced Nursing 70(6), 1243–1253. doi: 10.1111/jan.12257(
- Issue published online: 14 APR 2014
- Article first published online: 16 SEP 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 17 AUG 2013
- American Cancer Society Graduate Scholarship in Cancer Nursing Practice. Grant Number: 121693-GSCNP-11-238-01-SCN
- Oncology Nurses Society Master's and Doctoral Scholarships
- concept analysis;
- spiritual care
The aim of this paper is to report an analysis of the concept of spiritual care of a child with cancer at the end of life.
Spirituality is a vital dimension of a child's experience at the end of life; providing comfort; support; and a sense of connection. Spiritual care is paramount to address the substantial spiritual distress that may develop.
Rodgers' method of evolutionary concept analysis guided the review process.
The literature search was not limited by start date and literature through the end of 2012 was included. English, peer-reviewed texts in the databases CINAHL, ATLA and PubMed were included.
Critical analysis of the literature identified surrogate terms, related concepts, attributes, antecedents and consequences.
The analysis identified six attributes: assessing spiritual needs; assisting the child to express feelings; guiding the child in strengthening relationships; helping the child to be remembered; assisting the child to find meaning; and aiding the child to find hope. Antecedents include existential questions and spiritual distress. Consequences include a peaceful death, spiritual growth, a relationship of trust and enhanced end-of-life care.
Spiritual care is a vital aspect of holistic nursing care; however, gaps in knowledge and practice prevent children from receiving adequate spiritual care at the end of life. Nurses would benefit from increased awareness, skills and knowledge about spiritual care. Research is needed to identify interventions that exert the greatest effect on patient care outcomes.