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SEARCH BY CITATION

Keywords:

  • cancer;
  • child;
  • concept analysis;
  • dying;
  • nurses/midwives/nursing;
  • spiritual care

Abstract

Aim

The aim of this paper is to report an analysis of the concept of spiritual care of a child with cancer at the end of life.

Background

Spirituality is a vital dimension of a child's experience at the end of life; providing comfort; support; and a sense of connection. Spiritual care is paramount to address the substantial spiritual distress that may develop.

Design

Rodgers' method of evolutionary concept analysis guided the review process.

Data sources

The literature search was not limited by start date and literature through the end of 2012 was included. English, peer-reviewed texts in the databases CINAHL, ATLA and PubMed were included.

Methods

Critical analysis of the literature identified surrogate terms, related concepts, attributes, antecedents and consequences.

Results

The analysis identified six attributes: assessing spiritual needs; assisting the child to express feelings; guiding the child in strengthening relationships; helping the child to be remembered; assisting the child to find meaning; and aiding the child to find hope. Antecedents include existential questions and spiritual distress. Consequences include a peaceful death, spiritual growth, a relationship of trust and enhanced end-of-life care.

Conclusion

Spiritual care is a vital aspect of holistic nursing care; however, gaps in knowledge and practice prevent children from receiving adequate spiritual care at the end of life. Nurses would benefit from increased awareness, skills and knowledge about spiritual care. Research is needed to identify interventions that exert the greatest effect on patient care outcomes.