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Keywords:

  • community dwelling;
  • dignity;
  • instrument development;
  • nursing;
  • older adults;
  • theory

Abstract

Aim

To develop and psychometrically test the Jacelon Attributed Dignity Scale (JADS).

Background

The JADS was designed to measure self-perceived attributed dignity in community-dwelling older adults. Attributed dignity was conceived of as a state characteristic of the self. The JADS is a short, positively scored, norm-referenced, evaluation index designed to measure self-perceived attributed dignity during the last week.

Design

Instrument development and testing including psychometric properties, internal consistency, factor structure, temporal stability and construct validity.

Method

Using a quota sample, 289 older adults (65–99 years old) were recruited from senior centres in western New England to complete the JADS, demographic information, the Self-Esteem Scale and the Social Desirability Scale during 2010–2011. Descriptive statistics, exploratory factor analysis, construct validity and temporal stability were evaluated.

Results

The resulting positively scored 18-item scale has four factors with high internal consistency for each factor and the entire scale. Construct validity was established by examining correlations with instruments that measured self-esteem and social desirability. Attributed dignity is a unique concept that is stable over time.

Conclusion

The JADS is an 18-item Likert-scaled instrument designed to measure attributed dignity. Attributed dignity is a concept with four factors and is defined as a cognitive component of the selfconnoting self-value, perceived value from others, self in relation to others and behaving with respect. The importance of attributed dignity for older adults in relation to health, function, independence, quality of life and successful ageing can now be evaluated.