Evaluating the psychometric properties of the Jacelon Attributed Dignity Scale




To develop and psychometrically test the Jacelon Attributed Dignity Scale (JADS).


The JADS was designed to measure self-perceived attributed dignity in community-dwelling older adults. Attributed dignity was conceived of as a state characteristic of the self. The JADS is a short, positively scored, norm-referenced, evaluation index designed to measure self-perceived attributed dignity during the last week.


Instrument development and testing including psychometric properties, internal consistency, factor structure, temporal stability and construct validity.


Using a quota sample, 289 older adults (65–99 years old) were recruited from senior centres in western New England to complete the JADS, demographic information, the Self-Esteem Scale and the Social Desirability Scale during 2010–2011. Descriptive statistics, exploratory factor analysis, construct validity and temporal stability were evaluated.


The resulting positively scored 18-item scale has four factors with high internal consistency for each factor and the entire scale. Construct validity was established by examining correlations with instruments that measured self-esteem and social desirability. Attributed dignity is a unique concept that is stable over time.


The JADS is an 18-item Likert-scaled instrument designed to measure attributed dignity. Attributed dignity is a concept with four factors and is defined as a cognitive component of the selfconnoting self-value, perceived value from others, self in relation to others and behaving with respect. The importance of attributed dignity for older adults in relation to health, function, independence, quality of life and successful ageing can now be evaluated.