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Keywords:

  • atopic dermatitis;
  • nursing;
  • quality of life;
  • self-efficacy;
  • severity;
  • web-based education programme

Abstract

Aims

To develop and evaluate the effects of a web-based education programme in early childhood for children with atopic dermatitis.

Background

The prevalence rate of atopic dermatitis is highest in early childhood. A holistic approach is urgently needed for young children with respect to disease severity, quality of life and management, particularly parental knowledge about atopic dermatitis and adherence to treatment.

Design

A quasi-experimental study design was used.

Methods

A total of 40 mother–child dyads participated in the study from 1 July–30 November 2011 in Korea. All children were under 3 years of age. The programme was based on the Network-Based Instructional System Design model, which consists of five phases: analysis, design, development, implementation and evaluation. The experimental group participated in the programme for 2 weeks. Participants took part in a learning session during the first week and then conducted the practice session at home during the second week. Participant knowledge and compliance were evaluated through online quizzes and self-checklists. Statistical analyses (chi-square test and t-test) were performed using the Statistical Analysis System, Version 9.13.

Results/findings

There was a significant improvement in disease severity, quality of life and mothers' self-efficacy in the experimental group; thus, the web-based education programme was effective.

Conclusion

The web-based education programme as an advanced intervention may be useful in providing basic data for future atopic dermatitis-related studies. Moreover, the programme may serve as a nursing educational intervention tool for clinical nursing practices.