Journal of Animal Ecology

Cover image for Vol. 85 Issue 4

July 2016

Volume 85, Issue 4

Pages 855–1131

  1. In Focus

    1. Top of page
    2. In Focus
    3. Review
    4. Macroecology
    5. Population ecology
    6. Behavioural ecology
    7. Community ecology
    8. Parasite and disease ecology
    9. Evolutionary ecology
    10. Physiological ecology
    11. Trophic interactions
    12. Molecular ecology
    13. Corrigendum
    1. You have free access to this content
      A bird's eye view of a deleterious recessive allele (pages 855–856)

      Robert Ekblom

      Version of Record online: 9 JUN 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.12514

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      In the endangered Scottish chough (Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax) population, a lethal blindness syndrome is found to be caused by a deleterious recessive allele. Photo: Gordon Yates.

  2. Review

    1. Top of page
    2. In Focus
    3. Review
    4. Macroecology
    5. Population ecology
    6. Behavioural ecology
    7. Community ecology
    8. Parasite and disease ecology
    9. Evolutionary ecology
    10. Physiological ecology
    11. Trophic interactions
    12. Molecular ecology
    13. Corrigendum
    1. You have free access to this content
      Does primary productivity modulate the indirect effects of large herbivores? A global meta-analysis (pages 857–868)

      Joshua H. Daskin and Robert M. Pringle

      Version of Record online: 27 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.12522

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      The authors show that the strength of the effects of large mammalian herbivores (deer, antelope, elephants, etc.) on the abundance of other animals is greatest in the least productive ecosystems. Where climate change reduces primary productivity, the impacts of ongoing herbivore population declines and irruptions may be greatest.

  3. Macroecology

    1. Top of page
    2. In Focus
    3. Review
    4. Macroecology
    5. Population ecology
    6. Behavioural ecology
    7. Community ecology
    8. Parasite and disease ecology
    9. Evolutionary ecology
    10. Physiological ecology
    11. Trophic interactions
    12. Molecular ecology
    13. Corrigendum
    1. Widespread correlations between climatic niche evolution and species diversification in birds (pages 869–878)

      Christopher R. Cooney, Nathalie Seddon and Joseph A. Tobias

      Version of Record online: 12 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.12530

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      Widespread correlations between rates of climatic niche evolution and diversification in birds imply that adaptation to novel climatic conditions represents a fundamental process regulating the link between climate and biodiversity at global scales, irrespective of the geographical and ecological context of speciation and extinction.

  4. Population ecology

    1. Top of page
    2. In Focus
    3. Review
    4. Macroecology
    5. Population ecology
    6. Behavioural ecology
    7. Community ecology
    8. Parasite and disease ecology
    9. Evolutionary ecology
    10. Physiological ecology
    11. Trophic interactions
    12. Molecular ecology
    13. Corrigendum
    1. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Evidence of the phenotypic expression of a lethal recessive allele under inbreeding in a wild population of conservation concern (pages 879–891)

      Amanda E. Trask, Eric M. Bignal, Davy I. McCracken, Pat Monaghan, Stuart B. Piertney and Jane M. Reid

      Version of Record online: 21 MAR 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.12503

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      The authors provide a rare example of the phenotypic expression of a single-locus lethal recessive allele in a wild population of conservation concern. Furthermore, they infer that the allele probably arose several generations ago and, despite being lethal, might persist due to high breeding success of heterozygous carriers.

    2. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Food availability and predation risk, rather than intrinsic attributes, are the main factors shaping the reproductive decisions of a long-lived predator (pages 892–902)

      Sarah R. Hoy, Alexandre Millon, Steve J. Petty, D. Philip Whitfield and Xavier Lambin

      Version of Record online: 3 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.12517

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      Many studies have examined the effect of food availability and predation risk on breeding decisions in isolation. In this study however we took a comprehensive approach and examined how both food availability, predation risk and attributes intrinsic to individuals interacted to shape reproductive decisions. We also provide some empirical evidence to suggest that long-lived predators alter their life-history strategies in response to changes in multiple interacting environmental factors.

    3. Larval traits carry over to affect post-settlement behaviour in a common coral reef fish (pages 903–914)

      Andrea L. Dingeldein and J. Wilson White

      Version of Record online: 5 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.12506

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      Early life-history (ELH) traits are known to influence survival in reef fish during the transition from larva to adult. The authors found evidence linking larval ELH traits and post-settlement risk-taking behaviour in bluehead wrasse, providing a mechanistic basis for the strong selection on ELH traits reported for this species.

  5. Behavioural ecology

    1. Top of page
    2. In Focus
    3. Review
    4. Macroecology
    5. Population ecology
    6. Behavioural ecology
    7. Community ecology
    8. Parasite and disease ecology
    9. Evolutionary ecology
    10. Physiological ecology
    11. Trophic interactions
    12. Molecular ecology
    13. Corrigendum
    1. The contribution of developmental experience vs. condition to life history, trait variation and individual differences (pages 915–926)

      Nicholas DiRienzo and Pierre-Olivier Montiglio

      Version of Record online: 24 MAR 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.12512

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      The authors' findings demonstrate large and persistent effects of juvenile experience on later adult behavioural phenotype and web structure in black widow spiders. These differences in experience resulted in different patterns of behaviour and web personality in adult spiders. Furthermore, developmental experience also affects which traits demonstrated plasticity as adults.

    2. Fight-flight or freeze-hide? Personality and metabolic phenotype mediate physiological defence responses in flatfish (pages 927–937)

      Emmanuel J. Rupia, Sandra A. Binning, Dominique G. Roche and Weiqun Lu

      Version of Record online: 16 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.12524

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      Animals have different strategies for dealing with danger, but the physiological mechanisms responsible for choosing an active vs. passive defense response are unclear. The authors show that the type (flee vs. freeze) rather than the magnitude of the behavioural and physiological response to a threat differs between bold and shy individuals.

    3. The challenges of the first migration: movement and behaviour of juvenile vs. adult white storks with insights regarding juvenile mortality (pages 938–947)

      Shay Rotics, Michael Kaatz, Yehezkel S. Resheff, Sondra Feldman Turjeman, Damaris Zurell, Nir Sapir, Ute Eggers, Andrea Flack, Wolfgang Fiedler, Florian Jeltsch, Martin Wikelski and Ran Nathan

      Version of Record online: 19 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.12525

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      In long-distance migrating birds, juveniles must cope with strenuous and risky journeys shortly after fledging incurring high juvenile mortality. The authors found that juvenile storks had significantly lower flight efficiency, using costly flapping flight more frequently than adults. Furthermore, juveniles with lower flight efficiency exhibited higher mortality rates.

    4. Predator swamping reduces predation risk during nocturnal migration of juvenile salmon in a high-mortality landscape (pages 948–959)

      Nathan B. Furey, Scott G. Hinch, Arthur L. Bass, Collin T. Middleton, Vanessa Minke-Martin and Andrew G. Lotto

      Version of Record online: 9 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.12528

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      Ecologists have long understood the theoretical advantages of animals migrating in high densities to swamp predators, but empirical evidence is largely lacking. Predation risk of juvenile sockeye salmon smolts migrating downstream in a high-risk riverine landscape was found to be strongly density dependent. Thus, migration synchronization indeed reduces risk of predation.

    5. Female infidelity is constrained by El Niño conditions in a long-lived bird (pages 960–972)

      Lynna Marie Kiere and Hugh Drummond

      Version of Record online: 31 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.12537

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      Famous for sparking floods and for devastating the survival and reproduction of marine predators, El Niño has now been tagged with putting a bird off sex. Despite having the wherewithal to survive the most extenuating events, female blue-footed boobies tone down their mating activities, cutting back even on their infidelity.

  6. Community ecology

    1. Top of page
    2. In Focus
    3. Review
    4. Macroecology
    5. Population ecology
    6. Behavioural ecology
    7. Community ecology
    8. Parasite and disease ecology
    9. Evolutionary ecology
    10. Physiological ecology
    11. Trophic interactions
    12. Molecular ecology
    13. Corrigendum
    1. Foraging modality and plasticity in foraging traits determine the strength of competitive interactions among carnivorous plants, spiders and toads (pages 973–981)

      David E. Jennings, James J. Krupa and Jason R. Rohr

      Version of Record online: 9 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.12526

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      The authors used a long-term experiment to examine competitive interactions among a functionally diverse guild of generalist predators (pink sundews, funnel-web-building wolf spiders, and oak toads). Their findings highlight the importance of foraging modality on the outcome of competition, and have implications for our understanding of the processes structuring communities.

    2. Interactions between plants and primates shape community diversity in a rainforest in Madagascar (pages 982–993)

      James P. Herrera

      Version of Record online: 23 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.12532

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      How do species interact with each other and their environment to form communities? The authors tested if competition or resource limitation explain the assembly of primate communities in Madagascar by quantifying the relationships between functional and evolutionary differences among species and their environment. Food abundance was most important in community assembly.

    3. Experimental evidence for fundamental, and not realized, niche partitioning in a plant–herbivore community interaction network (pages 994–1003)

      Willem J. Augustyn, Bruce Anderson and Allan G. Ellis

      Version of Record online: 24 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.12536

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      The authors demonstrated that a community of herbivorous insects is not structured by current biological interactions. This finding suggests that patterns of resource use in biological communities might primarily be the outcome of evolutionary processes occurring over long time frames.

    4. Experimental parasite community ecology: intraspecific variation in a large tapeworm affects community assembly (pages 1004–1013)

      Daniel P. Benesh and Martin Kalbe

      Version of Record online: 12 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.12527

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      Hosts often harbour multiple parasite species, some of which may co-occur more or less frequently than expected by chance. Using a combination of laboratory and field experiments, the authors found that the non-random associations between parasite species can be contingent on variation within a species.

  7. Parasite and disease ecology

    1. Top of page
    2. In Focus
    3. Review
    4. Macroecology
    5. Population ecology
    6. Behavioural ecology
    7. Community ecology
    8. Parasite and disease ecology
    9. Evolutionary ecology
    10. Physiological ecology
    11. Trophic interactions
    12. Molecular ecology
    13. Corrigendum
    1. Host and parasite thermal acclimation responses depend on the stage of infection (pages 1014–1024)

      Karie A. Altman, Sara H. Paull, Pieter T. J. Johnson, Michelle N. Golembieski, Jeffrey P. Stephens, Bryan E. LaFonte and Thomas R. Raffel

      Version of Record online: 4 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.12510

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      Temperature variability can have complex effects on parasitism, particularly if hosts and parasites acclimate to new temperatures. The authors used replicated temperature experiments to demonstrate nonlinear thermal acclimation responses in the trematode parasite Ribeiroia ondatrae and its tadpole host Lithobates clamitans. They tracked parasite encystment and clearance using fluorescent dye.

    2. Within guild co-infections influence parasite community membership: a longitudinal study in African Buffalo (pages 1025–1034)

      Brian Henrichs, Marinda C. Oosthuizen, Milana Troskie, Erin Gorsich, Carmen Gondhalekar, Brianna R. Beechler, Vanessa O. Ezenwa and Anna E. Jolles

      Version of Record online: 26 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.12535

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      This longitudinal study investigated haemoparasite infections in 120 African buffalo (a) over a 4-year time period. The likelihood of infection by three focal parasite species (genus: Anaplasma) was most strongly influenced by co-infecting haemoparasites (b, c).

  8. Evolutionary ecology

    1. Top of page
    2. In Focus
    3. Review
    4. Macroecology
    5. Population ecology
    6. Behavioural ecology
    7. Community ecology
    8. Parasite and disease ecology
    9. Evolutionary ecology
    10. Physiological ecology
    11. Trophic interactions
    12. Molecular ecology
    13. Corrigendum
    1. You have free access to this content
      Good reasons to leave home: proximate dispersal cues in a social spider (pages 1035–1042)

      Reut Berger-Tal, Na'ama Berner-Aharon, Shlomi Aharon, Cristina Tuni and Yael Lubin

      Version of Record online: 16 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.12534

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      By manipulating foraging conditions, the authors increased individual dispersal in a cooperative breeding spiders. They conclude that dispersal is highly sensitive to short-term changes in local conditions, and sociality in spiders is maintained by both costs of dispersal and benefits of cooperation.

    2. You have free access to this content
      Family morph matters: factors determining survival and recruitment in a long-lived polymorphic raptor (pages 1043–1055)

      Petra Sumasgutner, Gareth J. Tate, Ann Koeslag and Arjun Amar

      Version of Record online: 27 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.12518

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      The authors study contributes new findings to two important topics in animal research: the maintenance of colour polymorphism and urban ecology. The authors use long-term data of urban black sparrowhawks to explore how the colour morphs of the parents (in isolation and in combination) influence key demographic parameters: offspring survival and recruitment.

    3. You have free access to this content
      Refining mimicry: phenotypic variation tracks the local optimum (pages 1056–1069)

      Claire Mérot, Yann Le Poul, Marc Théry and Mathieu Joron

      Version of Record online: 9 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.12521

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      This study quantifies resemblance in wing hue, pattern and shape between butterfly comimics and shows that a rare comimic tracks the changes in the mimicry optimum. It provides one of the first empirical descriptions of mimicry refinement in nature and insights into the evolution of intraspecific diversity in warnings signals.

  9. Physiological ecology

    1. Top of page
    2. In Focus
    3. Review
    4. Macroecology
    5. Population ecology
    6. Behavioural ecology
    7. Community ecology
    8. Parasite and disease ecology
    9. Evolutionary ecology
    10. Physiological ecology
    11. Trophic interactions
    12. Molecular ecology
    13. Corrigendum
    1. Negative relationships between population density and metabolic rates are not general (pages 1070–1077)

      Varvara Yashchenko, Erlend Ignacio Fossen, Øystein Nordeide Kielland and Sigurd Einum

      Version of Record online: 21 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.12515

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      Increased population density has been suggested to cause reduced metabolic rates even in the absence of food abundance effects. The authors find no such relationship in two species of zooplankton (Daphnia). Furthermore, when reviewing previous studies, such patterns are found to be weak or absent and/or potentially influenced by methodological bias.

    2. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Top predators negate the effect of mesopredators on prey physiology (pages 1078–1086)

      Maria M. Palacios, Shaun S. Killen, Lauren E. Nadler, James R. White and Mark I. McCormick

      Version of Record online: 25 APR 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.12523

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      This study provides novel empirical evidence of a cascade of indirect effects in which low trophic-level species can benefit physiologically from the presence of top-predators, through the behavioural suppression imposed on mesopredators. Linking behavioural and physiological effects on predation risk can help unravel the mechanisms by which top-predators influence natural ecosystems.

  10. Trophic interactions

    1. Top of page
    2. In Focus
    3. Review
    4. Macroecology
    5. Population ecology
    6. Behavioural ecology
    7. Community ecology
    8. Parasite and disease ecology
    9. Evolutionary ecology
    10. Physiological ecology
    11. Trophic interactions
    12. Molecular ecology
    13. Corrigendum
    1. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Antagonistic interactions between an invasive alien and a native coccinellid species may promote coexistence (pages 1087–1097)

      William T. Hentley, Adam J. Vanbergen, Andrew P. Beckerman, Melanie N. Brien, Rosemary S. Hails, T. Hefin Jones and Scott N. Johnson

      Version of Record online: 12 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.12519

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      The authors demonstrate how competition between native and invasive coccinellids induces plastic changes in the feeding rate of two species; a previously undocumented behavioural response in coccinellids. These results are incorporated into a well-established population dynamic model, revealing how a seemingly innocuous change in feeding behaviour might influence the invasion process.

    2. Dietary niche constriction when invaders meet natives: evidence from freshwater decapods (pages 1098–1107)

      Michelle C. Jackson, Jonathan Grey, Katie Miller, J. Robert Britton and Ian Donohue

      Version of Record online: 26 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.12533

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      This study provides a novel example of the constriction of the dietary niche of a successful invasive population in the presence of competition from a functionally similar native species. This highlights the importance of considering both environmental and ecological contexts to predict and manage impacts of invasive species on ecosystems.

  11. Molecular ecology

    1. Top of page
    2. In Focus
    3. Review
    4. Macroecology
    5. Population ecology
    6. Behavioural ecology
    7. Community ecology
    8. Parasite and disease ecology
    9. Evolutionary ecology
    10. Physiological ecology
    11. Trophic interactions
    12. Molecular ecology
    13. Corrigendum
    1. Colonization history and clonal richness of asexual Daphnia in periglacial habitats of contrasting age in West Greenland (pages 1108–1117)

      Tsegazeabe H. Haileselasie, Joachim Mergeay, Lawrence J. Weider, Erik Jeppesen and Luc De Meester

      Version of Record online: 9 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.12513

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      The authors analysed clonal richness and diversity in populations of the water flea Daphnia inhabiting periglacial ponds and lakes created by glacial retreat in western Greenland and show that, irrespective of habitat size, habitats are within decades colonized by multiple clones, implying high dispersal rates in these novel landscapes.

    2. Phylogenetic community structure of North American desert bats: influence of environment at multiple spatial and taxonomic scales (pages 1118–1130)

      Lorelei E. Patrick and Richard D. Stevens

      Version of Record online: 16 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.12529

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      The authors found that environmental conditions are important predictors of phylogenetic community structure of North American desert bats, but the importance of particular variables differed by desert. This suggests that these communities are likely structured by habitat filtering and that similar patterns of community structure were driven by different environmental conditions.

  12. Corrigendum

    1. Top of page
    2. In Focus
    3. Review
    4. Macroecology
    5. Population ecology
    6. Behavioural ecology
    7. Community ecology
    8. Parasite and disease ecology
    9. Evolutionary ecology
    10. Physiological ecology
    11. Trophic interactions
    12. Molecular ecology
    13. Corrigendum
    1. You have free access to this content
      Corrigendum (page 1131)

      Version of Record online: 10 MAY 2016 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.12520

      This article corrects:

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