Exploring the Development of Existing Sex Education Programmes for People with Intellectual Disabilities: An Intervention Mapping Approach
Article first published online: 26 DEC 2012
© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities
Volume 26, Issue 2, pages 157–166, March 2013
How to Cite
Schaafsma, D., Stoffelen, J. M. T., Kok, G. and Curfs, L. M. G. (2013), Exploring the Development of Existing Sex Education Programmes for People with Intellectual Disabilities: An Intervention Mapping Approach. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 26: 157–166. doi: 10.1111/jar.12017
- Issue published online: 12 FEB 2013
- Article first published online: 26 DEC 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 11 JUL 2012
- intellectual disabilities;
- Intervention Mapping;
- sex education;
- sexual health;
People with intellectual disabilities face barriers that affect their sexual health. Sex education programmes have been developed by professionals working in the field of intellectual disabilities with the aim to overcome these barriers. The aim of this study was to explore the development of these programmes.
Sex education programmes geared to people with intellectual disabilities were examined in the context of the Intervention Mapping protocol. Data were obtained via interviews with the programme developers.
All programmes lack specific programme outcomes, do not have a theoretical basis, did not involve members of relevant groups in the development process and lack systematic evaluation.
Based on our findings and the literature, we conclude that these programmes are unlikely to be effective. Future programmes should be developed using a more systematic and theory- and evidence-based approach.