• Open Access

Exploring the Development of Existing Sex Education Programmes for People with Intellectual Disabilities: An Intervention Mapping Approach

Authors

  • Dilana Schaafsma,

    Corresponding author
    1. Gouverneur Kremers Centrum, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    • Work and Social Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, the Netherlands
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  • Joke M. T. Stoffelen,

    1. Work and Social Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, the Netherlands
    2. Gouverneur Kremers Centrum, Maastricht, The Netherlands
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  • Gerjo Kok,

    1. Work and Social Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, the Netherlands
    2. Gouverneur Kremers Centrum, Maastricht, The Netherlands
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  • Leopold M. G. Curfs

    1. Gouverneur Kremers Centrum, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    2. Clinical Genetics, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
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Correspondence

Any correspondence should be directed to Dilana Schaafsma P.O. Box 616 6200 MD Maastricht (e-mail: dilana.schaafsma@maastrichtuniversity.nl).

Abstract

Background

People with intellectual disabilities face barriers that affect their sexual health. Sex education programmes have been developed by professionals working in the field of intellectual disabilities with the aim to overcome these barriers. The aim of this study was to explore the development of these programmes.

Methods

Sex education programmes geared to people with intellectual disabilities were examined in the context of the Intervention Mapping protocol. Data were obtained via interviews with the programme developers.

Results

All programmes lack specific programme outcomes, do not have a theoretical basis, did not involve members of relevant groups in the development process and lack systematic evaluation.

Conclusions

Based on our findings and the literature, we conclude that these programmes are unlikely to be effective. Future programmes should be developed using a more systematic and theory- and evidence-based approach.

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