Adapted Physical Activity Programme and Self-Perception in Obese Adolescents with Intellectual Disability: Between Morphological Awareness and Positive Illusory Bias
Article first published online: 8 MAY 2013
© 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities
Volume 27, Issue 2, pages 112–124, March 2014
How to Cite
Salaun, L., Reynes, E. and Berthouze-Aranda, S. E. (2014), Adapted Physical Activity Programme and Self-Perception in Obese Adolescents with Intellectual Disability: Between Morphological Awareness and Positive Illusory Bias. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 27: 112–124. doi: 10.1111/jar.12056
- Issue published online: 10 FEB 2014
- Article first published online: 8 MAY 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 10 FEB 2013
- Adapted Physical Activity;
- body composition;
- intellectual disability;
- physical self-perception;
- positive illusory bias
In adolescent with intellectual disability, the management of obesity is a crucial issue, yet also quite complex because of their particular perception of themselves. This study investigated the relationship between self-perception variables and morphological variables and their changes after a 9-month Adapted Physical Activity (APA) programme.
Materials and Methods
Twenty-three adolescents with intellectual disability responded to an adapted questionnaire, including the PSI-VSF-ID and a nine-drawing body silhouette scale. Anthropometric and body composition indicators were measured before and after the APA programme.
The main predictor of the adolescents' self-perceptions was the inclination towards positive illusory bias before the intervention; obesity awareness ranked second. Morphological measurements did not contribute in the same way to self-perceptions in the initial and final data.
This study confirms the interest of weight management programmes for adolescents with intellectual disability and points to the need to take positive illusory bias more fully into account in the study of self-perception.