Work on this paper was supported by grants K05 CA92633 and R21 CA098962 from the National Cancer Institute to Kevin D. McCaul.
Perceptions of smokers influence nonsmoker attitudes and preferences for interactions
Article first published online: 18 MAR 2013
© 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 43, Issue 4, pages 823–833, April 2013
How to Cite
Dillard, A. J., Magnan, R. E., Köblitz, A. R. and McCaul, K. D. (2013), Perceptions of smokers influence nonsmoker attitudes and preferences for interactions. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 43: 823–833. doi: 10.1111/jasp.12008
- Issue published online: 12 APR 2013
- Article first published online: 18 MAR 2013
- National Cancer Institute. Grant Numbers: K05 CA92633, R21 CA098962
In two studies, we examined nonsmokers' perceptions of smokers and consequences of the perceptions. In Study 1, smokers answered questions about their sense of self, dependence on smoking, and motivation to quit. Nonsmokers answered questions about their perceptions of these characteristics. Differences between smokers' self-descriptions and nonsmokers' perceptions were observed. Study 2 asked nonsmokers to judge two types of smokers for which the descriptions were based on Study 1 findings. Results showed that nonsmokers held a more negative attitude about and were less willing to engage in different close relationships with the smoker who was described in terms of nonsmokers' perceptions rather than smokers' reports. Attitude mediated the relationship between type of smoker and willingness to date a smoker.