Situational motivational profiles and performance with elite performers


Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Nicolas Gillet, EA 2114 Psychologie des Âges de la Vie, Université François-Rabelais de Tours, UFR Arts et Sciences Humaines, Département de psychologie, 3 rue des Tanneurs, 37041 Tours Cedex 1, France. E-mail address:


In Study 1, a sample of tennis players ranked at the national level (n = 173) completed a French version of the Situational Motivation Scale the day before a tennis competition. Results revealed the presence of a three-cluster solution. Differences among clusters on subsequent sport performance were significant. Specifically, athletes with the least self-determined motivational profile obtained the lowest levels of performance. Study 2 (n = 319) replicated the findings of Study 1 with a larger sample of national level tennis players. Overall, these results suggest that it is useful to analyze individuals' situational motivational profiles using a cluster analysis to understand the complex link between motivation and performance.