I don't believe but I pray: spirituality, instrumentality, or paranormal belief?
Article first published online: 26 JUL 2013
© 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc
Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume 43, Issue 8, pages 1704–1716, August 2013
How to Cite
Shiah, Y.-J., Chang, F., Tam, W.-C. C., Chuang, S.-F. and Yeh, L.-C. (2013), I don't believe but I pray: spirituality, instrumentality, or paranormal belief?. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 43: 1704–1716. doi: 10.1111/jasp.12125
- Issue published online: 13 AUG 2013
- Article first published online: 26 JUL 2013
- Kaohsiung Medical University. Grant Number: Q0990033
These three studies are among the first to systematically compare five Chinese religious groups on intrinsic (spiritual) and extrinsic (instrumental and paranormal) orientation. In Study 1, a Chinese version of the Index of Core Spiritual Experiences was developed. In Studies 2 and 3, spirituality and religious involvement was found to be greatest among Christians, followed in order by Buddhists, Taoists, traditional nones, and other nones. An instrumental purpose for religious activities and paranormal belief was found to be highest among Taoists, followed in order by Buddhists, traditional nones, other nones, and Christians. The results are consistent with the conclusion that Christianity offers the least support for an extrinsic religious orientation and the most support for an intrinsic religious orientation.