SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Ackermann, O., Svoray, T. & Haiman, M. (2008) Nari (calcrete) outcrop contribution to ancient agricultural terraces in the Southern Shephelah, Israel: insights from digital terrain analysis and a geoarchaeological field survey. Journal of Archaeological Science, 35, 930941.
  • Adriaens, D., Honnay, O. & Hermy, M. (2006) No evidence of a plant extinction debt in highly fragmented calcareous grasslands in Belgium. Biological Conservation, 133, 212224.
  • Azovsky, A.I. (2011) Species–area and species–sampling effort relationships: disentangling the effects. Ecography, 34, 1830.
  • Brudvig, L.A. & Damschen, E.I. (2011) Land-use history, historical connectivity, and land management interact to determine longleaf pine woodland understory richness and composition. Ecography, 34, 257266.
  • Brueckmann, S.V., Krauss, J. & Steffan-Dewenter, I. (2010) Butterfly and plant specialists suffer from reduced connectivity in fragmented landscapes. Journal of Applied Ecology, 47, 799809.
  • Bruun, H.H. (2000) Patterns of species richness in dry grassland patches in an agricultural landscape. Ecography, 23, 641650.
  • Cagnolo, L., Valladares, G., Salvo, A., Cabido, M. & Zak, M. (2009) Habitat fragmentation and species loss across three interacting trophic levels: effects of life-history and food-web traits. Conservation Biology, 23, 11671175.
  • Coleman, B.D. (1981) On random placement and species–area relations. Mathematical Biosciences, 54, 191215.
  • Connor, E.F. & McCoy, E.D. (1979) Statistics and biology of the species–area relationship. The American Naturalist, 113, 791833.
  • Connor, E.F. & McCoy, E.D. (2001) Species–area relationships. Encyclopedia of biodiversity (ed. by S.A. Levin), pp. 397412. Academic Press, New York.
  • Cook, W.M., Lane, K.T., Foster, B.L. & Holt, R.D. (2002) Island theory, matrix effects and species richness patterns in habitat fragments. Ecology Letters, 5, 619623.
  • Cousins, S.A.O. (2006) Plant species richness in midfield islets and road verges – The effect of landscape fragmentation. Biological Conservation, 127, 500509.
  • Cousins, S.A.O. (2009) Extinction debt in fragmented grasslands: paid or not? Journal of Vegetation Science, 20, 37.
  • Cousins, S.A.O. & Vanhoenacker, D. (2011) Detection of extinction debt depends on scale and specialisation. Biological Conservation, 144, 782787.
  • Cousins, S.A.O., Ohlson, H. & Eriksson, O. (2007) Effects of historical and present fragmentation on plant species diversity in semi-natural grasslands in Swedish rural landscapes. Landscape Ecology, 22, 723730.
  • Dan, J., Yaalon, D.H., Koyumdjisky, H. & Raz, Z. (1976) The soils of Israel. Ministry of Agriculture, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan.
  • Dengler, J. (2009) Which function describes the species–area relationship best? A review and empirical evaluation. Journal of Biogeography, 36, 728744.
  • Dupré, C. & Ehrlén, J. (2002) Habitat configuration, species traits and plant distributions. Journal of Ecology, 90, 796805.
  • Eriksson, O., Cousins, S.A.O. & Bruun, H.H. (2002) Land-use history and fragmentation of traditionally managed grasslands in Scandinavia. Journal of Vegetation Science, 13, 743748.
  • Fahrig, L. (2003) Effects of habitat fragmentation on biodiversity. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 34, 487515.
  • Fahrig, L. (2013) Rethinking patch size and isolation effects: the habitat amount hypothesis. Journal of Biogeography, 40, 16491663.
  • Feinbrun-Dothan, N. & Danin, A. (1991) Analytical flora of Eretz-Israel. Cana Publishing House, Jerusalem, Israel.
  • Giladi, I., Ziv, Y., May, F. & Jeltsch, F. (2011) Scale-dependent determinants of plant species richness in a semi-arid fragmented agro-ecosystem. Journal of Vegetation Science, 22, 983996.
  • Gilpin, M.E. & Diamond, J.M. (1976) Calculation of immigration and extinction curves from the species–area–distance relation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 73, 41304134.
  • Goldreich, Y. (2003) The climate of Israel: observations, research and applications. Kluwer Academic, New York.
  • Gotelli, N.J. & Graves, G.R. (1996) Null models in ecology. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC.
  • Gray, J.S. (2000) The measurement of marine species diversity, with an application to the benthic fauna of the Norwegian continental shelf. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 250, 2349.
  • Hanski, I., Zurita, G.A., Bellocq, M.I. & Rybicki, J. (2013) Species-fragmented area relationship. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 110, 1271512720.
  • Helm, A., Hanski, I. & Pärtel, M. (2006) Slow response of plant species richness to habitat loss and fragmentation. Ecology Letters, 9, 7277.
  • Hill, J.L., Curran, P.J. & Foody, G.M. (1994) The effect of sampling on the species–area curve. Global Ecology and Biogeography Letters, 4, 97106.
  • Holt, R.D. (1992) A neglected facet of island biogeography: the role of internal spatial dynamics in area effects. Theoretical Population Biology, 41, 354371.
  • Holt, R.D. (1993) Ecology at the mesoscale: the influence of regional processes on local community dynamics. Species diversity in ecological communities (ed. by R.E. Ricklefs and D. Schluter), pp. 7788. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
  • Hoyle, M. (2004) Causes of the species–area relationship by trophic level in a field-based microecosystem. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 271, 11591164.
  • Johansson, V.A., Cousins, S.A.O. & Eriksson, E. (2011) Remnant populations and plant functional traits in abandoned semi-natural grasslands. Folia Geobotanica, 46, 165179.
  • Kadmon, R. & Allouche, O. (2007) Integrating the effects of area, isolation, and habitat heterogeneity on species diversity: a unification of island biogeography and niche theory. The American Naturalist, 170, 443454.
  • Kalkhan, M.A., Stafford, E.J. & Stohlgren, T.J. (2007) Rapid plant diversity assessment using a pixel nested plot design: a case study in Beaver Meadows, Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado, USA. Diversity and Distributions, 13, 379388.
  • Kelly, B.J., Wilson, J.B. & Mark, A.F. (1989) Causes of the species–area relation: a study of islands in Lake Manapouri, New Zealand. Journal of Ecology, 77, 10211028.
  • Kiviniemi, K. & Eriksson, E. (2002) Size-related deterioration of semi-natural grassland fragments in Sweden. Diversity and Distribution, 8, 2129.
  • Kochy, M. & Rydin, H. (1997) Biogeography of vascular plants on habitat islands, peninsulas and mainlands in an east-central Swedish agricultural landscape. Nordic Journal of Botany, 17, 215223.
  • Kohn, D.D. & Walsh, D.M. (1994) Plant species richness – the effect of island size and habitat diversity. Journal of Ecology, 82, 367377.
  • Körner, K. & Jeltsch, F. (2008) Detecting general plant functional type responses in fragmented landscapes using spatially-explicit simulations. Ecological Modelling, 210, 287300.
  • Krauss, J., Klein, A.M., Steffan-Dewenter, I. & Tscharntke, T. (2004) Effects of habitat area, isolation, and landscape diversity on plant species richness of calcareous grasslands. Biodiversity and Conservation, 13, 14271439.
  • Kuussaari, M., Bommarco, R., Heikkinen, R.K., Helm, A., Krauss, J., Lindborg, R., Ockinger, E., Pärtel, M., Pino, J., Roda, F., Stefanescu, C., Teder, T., Zobel, M. & Steffan-Dewenter, I. (2009) Extinction debt: a challenge for biodiversity conservation. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 24, 564571.
  • Laurance, W.F. (2008) Theory meets reality: how habitat fragmentation research has transcended island biogeographic theory. Biological Conservation, 141, 17311744.
  • Lindborg, R. (2007) Evaluating the distribution of plant life-history traits in relation to current and historical landscape configurations. Journal of Ecology, 95, 555564.
  • Lindborg, R. & Eriksson, O. (2004) Historical landscape connectivity affects present plant species diversity. Ecology, 85, 18401845.
  • Lindborg, R., Helm, A., Bommarco, R., Heikkinen, R.K., Kuhn, I., Pykala, J. & Pärtel, M. (2012) Effect of habitat area and isolation on plant trait distribution in European forests and grasslands. Ecography, 35, 356363.
  • Lobel, S., Dengler, J. & Hobohm, C. (2006) Species richness of vascular plants, bryophytes and lichens in dry grasslands: the effects of environment, landscape structure and competition. Folia Geobotanica, 41, 377393.
  • Lomolino, M.V. (2001) The species–area relationship: new challenges for an old pattern. Progress in Physical Geography, 25, 121.
  • Lundholm, J.T. (2009) Plant species diversity and environmental heterogeneity: spatial scale and competing hypotheses. Journal of Vegetation Science, 20, 377391.
  • MacArthur, R.H. (1972) Geographical ecology: patterns in the distribution of species. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.
  • MacArthur, R.H. & Wilson, E.O. (1967) The theory of island biogeography. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.
  • Matias, M.G., Underwood, A.J., Hochuli, D.F. & Coleman, R.A. (2010) Independent effects of patch size and structural complexity on diversity of benthic macroinvertebrates. Ecology, 91, 19081915.
  • May, F., Giladi, I., Ristow, M., Ziv, Y. & Jeltsch, F. (2013) Metacommunity, mainland-island system or island communities? Assessing the regional dynamics of plant communities in a fragmented landscape. Ecography, 36, 842853.
  • Mazor, S. (2006) Landscape change in the Southern Judea lowlands and the effect of patch attributes on species richness in semi-arid environment: embedding fuzzy logic in GIS. Department of Geography and Environmental Development, Ben-Gurion University, Beer Sheva.
  • McGarigal, K., Cushman, S.A., Neel, M.C. & Ene, E. (2002) FRAGSTATS: spatial pattern analysis program for categorical maps. University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA.
  • Naveh, Z. & Dan, J. (1973) The human degradation of Mediterranean landscapes in Israel. Mediterranean type ecosystems: origin and structure (ed. by F. Castri and H.A. Mooney) pp. 370390. Springer-Verlag, New York.
  • Öster, M., Cousins, S.A.O. & Eriksson, O. (2007) Size and heterogeneity rather than landscape context determine plant species richness in semi-natural grasslands. Journal of Vegetation Science, 18, 859868.
  • Pärtel, M., Zobel, M., Zobel, K. & van der Maarel, E. (1996) The species pool and its relation to species richness: evidence from Estonian plant communities. Oikos, 75, 111117.
  • Petit, S., Griffiths, L., Smart, S.S., Smith, G.M., Stuart, R.C. & Wright, S.M. (2004) Effects of area and isolation of woodland patches on herbaceous plant species richness across Great Britain. Landscape Ecology, 19, 463471.
  • Preston, F.W. (1962) The canonical distribution of commonness and rarity: Part II. Ecology, 43, 410432.
  • Prevedello, J.A. & Vieira, M.V. (2010) Does the type of matrix matter? A quantitative review of the evidence. Biodiversity and Conservation, 19, 12051223.
  • R Development Core Team (2012) R: a language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria.
  • Reitalu, T., Purschke, O., Johansson, L.J., Hall, K., Sykes, M.T. & Prentice, H.C. (2012) Responses of grassland species richness to local and landscape factors depend on spatial scale and habitat specialization. Journal of Vegetation Science, 23, 4151.
  • Rey Benayas, J.M., Colomer, M.G.S. & Levassor, C. (1999) Effects of area, environmental status and environmental variation on species richness per unit area in Mediterranean wetlands. Journal of Vegetation Science, 10, 275280.
  • Rodríguez-Loinaz, G., Amazega, I. & Onaindia, M. (2012) Does forest fragmentation affect the same way all growth forms? Journal of Environmental Management, 94, 125131.
  • Rosenzweig, M.L. (1995) Species diversity in space and time. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
  • Scheiner, S.M. (2009) The terminology and use of species–area relationships: a response to Dengler. Journal of Biogeography, 36, 20052008.
  • Scheiner, S.M., Cox, S.B., Willig, M., Mittelbach, G.G., Osenberg, C. & Kaspari, M. (2000) Species richness, species–area curves and Simpson's paradox. Evolutionary Ecology Research, 2, 791802.
  • Scheiner, S.M., Chiarucci, A., Fox, G.A., Helmus, M.R., McGlinn, D.J. & Willig, M.R. (2011) The underpinnings of the relationship of species richness with space and time. Ecological Monographs, 81, 195213.
  • Schoereder, J.H., Galbiati, C., Ribas, C.R., Sobrinho, T.G., Sperber, C.F., DeSouza, O. & Lopes-Andrade, C. (2004) Should we use proportional sampling for species–area studies? Journal of Biogeography, 31, 12191226.
  • Stiles, A. & Scheiner, S.M. (2010) A multi-scale analysis of fragmentation effects on remnant plant species richness in Phoenix, Arizona. Journal of Biogeography, 37, 17211729.
  • Svoray, T., Mazor, S. & Pua, B. (2007) How is shrub cover related to soil moisture and patch geometry in the fragmented landscape of the Northern Negev desert? Landscape Ecology, 22, 105116.
  • Tamme, R., Hiiesalu, I., Laanisto, L., Szava-Kovats, R. & Pärtel, M. (2010) Environmental heterogeneity, species diversity and co-existence at different spatial scales. Journal of Vegetation Science, 21, 796801.
  • Tangney, R.S., Wilson, J.B. & Mark, A.F. (1990) Bryophyte island biogeography: a study in Lake Manapouri, New Zealand. Oikos, 59, 2126.
  • Thornton, D.H., Branch, L.C. & Sunquist, M.E. (2011) The influence of landscape, patch, and within-patch factors on species presence and abundance: a review of focal patch studies. Landscape Ecology, 26, 718.
  • Tjørve, E. (2003) Shapes and functions of species–area curves: a review of possible models. Journal of Biogeography, 30, 827835.
  • Tjørve, E. (2009) Shapes and functions of species–area curves (II): a review of new models and parameterizations. Journal of Biogeography, 36, 14351445.
  • Tjørve, E. & Tjørve, K.M.C. (2008) The species–area relationship, self-similarity, and the true meaning of the z-value. Ecology, 89, 35283533.
  • Triantis, K.A., Guilhaumon, F. & Whittaker, R.J. (2012) The island species–area relationship: biology and statistics. Journal of Biogeography, 39, 215231.
  • Turner, W.R. & Tjørve, E. (2005) Scale-dependence in species–area relationships. Ecography, 28, 721730.
  • Vellend, M., Verheyen, K., Jacquemyn, H., Kolb, A., Van Calster, H., Peterken, G. & Hermy, M. (2006) Extinction debt of forest plants persists for more than a century following habitat fragmentation. Ecology, 87, 542548.
  • Watling, J.I. & Donnelly, M.A. (2006) Fragments as islands: a synthesis of faunal responses to habitat patchiness. Conservation Biology, 20, 10161025.
  • Whittaker, R.J. & Fernández-Palacios, J.M. (2007) Island biogeography: ecology, evolution, and conservation, 2nd edn. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Williams, C.B. (1943) Area and the number of species. Nature, 152, 262265.
  • Williams, C.B. (1964) Patterns in the balance of nature. Academic Press, London.
  • Yaacobi, G., Ziv, Y. & Rosenzweig, M.L. (2007) Effects of interactive scale-dependent variables on beetle diversity patterns in a semi-arid agricultural landscape. Landscape Ecology, 22, 687703.